Correlates of depression among HIV-positive women and men who inject drugs

Eduardo E. Valverde, David W. Purcell, Drenna Waldrop-Valverde, Robert Malow, Amy Ruth Knowlton, Cynthia A. Gómez, Nisha Farrell, Mary H. Latka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Although depression is common among HIV-positive injection drug users (IDUs), little is known about differences between male and female HIV-positive IDUs. METHODS: We used baseline data for 1126 HIV-positive IDUs from a behavioral intervention trial from 2001 through 2005 in 4 US cities. Using the Brief Symptom Inventory-18, scores indicating high risk for depression were calculated separately for men and women based on raw scores of 9 for women and 7 for men. We did separate logistic regressions for men and women to evaluate correlates of depression in 4 domains: sociodemographic, psychosocial, substance use, and sexual behaviors/attitudes. RESULTS: Approximately one third of women and men met the criteria for being at high risk of depression. Women reported significantly more depressive symptoms than men. Correlates linked with depression for both genders included perceived functional limitation, greater negative feelings regarding condom use, lower social support, and lower sense of empowerment. Being physically abused as adults and being Hispanic were correlates specific to men. No unique correlate was identified for women. DISCUSSION: Because of the high prevalence of depression among HIV-positive IDUs, caregivers should screen HIV-positive IDUs for depression and consider treatment for depression. Because of the similarities in correlates of depression among men and women, case finding and interventions for depression are likely to be similar for male and female HIV-positive IDUs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Volume46
Issue numberSUPPL. 2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2007

Fingerprint

HIV
Depression
Drug Users
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Injections
Condoms
Hispanic Americans
Sexual Behavior
Social Support
Caregivers
Emotions
Logistic Models
Equipment and Supplies

Keywords

  • Depression
  • Gender
  • HIV
  • Injection drug use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Immunology

Cite this

Valverde, E. E., Purcell, D. W., Waldrop-Valverde, D., Malow, R., Knowlton, A. R., Gómez, C. A., ... Latka, M. H. (2007). Correlates of depression among HIV-positive women and men who inject drugs. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 46(SUPPL. 2). https://doi.org/10.1097/QAI.0b013e318157683b

Correlates of depression among HIV-positive women and men who inject drugs. / Valverde, Eduardo E.; Purcell, David W.; Waldrop-Valverde, Drenna; Malow, Robert; Knowlton, Amy Ruth; Gómez, Cynthia A.; Farrell, Nisha; Latka, Mary H.

In: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, Vol. 46, No. SUPPL. 2, 11.2007.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Valverde, EE, Purcell, DW, Waldrop-Valverde, D, Malow, R, Knowlton, AR, Gómez, CA, Farrell, N & Latka, MH 2007, 'Correlates of depression among HIV-positive women and men who inject drugs', Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, vol. 46, no. SUPPL. 2. https://doi.org/10.1097/QAI.0b013e318157683b
Valverde, Eduardo E. ; Purcell, David W. ; Waldrop-Valverde, Drenna ; Malow, Robert ; Knowlton, Amy Ruth ; Gómez, Cynthia A. ; Farrell, Nisha ; Latka, Mary H. / Correlates of depression among HIV-positive women and men who inject drugs. In: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. 2007 ; Vol. 46, No. SUPPL. 2.
@article{4e0bd9f3c0564918a3f80a11253c9392,
title = "Correlates of depression among HIV-positive women and men who inject drugs",
abstract = "INTRODUCTION: Although depression is common among HIV-positive injection drug users (IDUs), little is known about differences between male and female HIV-positive IDUs. METHODS: We used baseline data for 1126 HIV-positive IDUs from a behavioral intervention trial from 2001 through 2005 in 4 US cities. Using the Brief Symptom Inventory-18, scores indicating high risk for depression were calculated separately for men and women based on raw scores of 9 for women and 7 for men. We did separate logistic regressions for men and women to evaluate correlates of depression in 4 domains: sociodemographic, psychosocial, substance use, and sexual behaviors/attitudes. RESULTS: Approximately one third of women and men met the criteria for being at high risk of depression. Women reported significantly more depressive symptoms than men. Correlates linked with depression for both genders included perceived functional limitation, greater negative feelings regarding condom use, lower social support, and lower sense of empowerment. Being physically abused as adults and being Hispanic were correlates specific to men. No unique correlate was identified for women. DISCUSSION: Because of the high prevalence of depression among HIV-positive IDUs, caregivers should screen HIV-positive IDUs for depression and consider treatment for depression. Because of the similarities in correlates of depression among men and women, case finding and interventions for depression are likely to be similar for male and female HIV-positive IDUs.",
keywords = "Depression, Gender, HIV, Injection drug use",
author = "Valverde, {Eduardo E.} and Purcell, {David W.} and Drenna Waldrop-Valverde and Robert Malow and Knowlton, {Amy Ruth} and G{\'o}mez, {Cynthia A.} and Nisha Farrell and Latka, {Mary H.}",
year = "2007",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1097/QAI.0b013e318157683b",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "46",
journal = "Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes",
issn = "1525-4135",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "SUPPL. 2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Correlates of depression among HIV-positive women and men who inject drugs

AU - Valverde, Eduardo E.

AU - Purcell, David W.

AU - Waldrop-Valverde, Drenna

AU - Malow, Robert

AU - Knowlton, Amy Ruth

AU - Gómez, Cynthia A.

AU - Farrell, Nisha

AU - Latka, Mary H.

PY - 2007/11

Y1 - 2007/11

N2 - INTRODUCTION: Although depression is common among HIV-positive injection drug users (IDUs), little is known about differences between male and female HIV-positive IDUs. METHODS: We used baseline data for 1126 HIV-positive IDUs from a behavioral intervention trial from 2001 through 2005 in 4 US cities. Using the Brief Symptom Inventory-18, scores indicating high risk for depression were calculated separately for men and women based on raw scores of 9 for women and 7 for men. We did separate logistic regressions for men and women to evaluate correlates of depression in 4 domains: sociodemographic, psychosocial, substance use, and sexual behaviors/attitudes. RESULTS: Approximately one third of women and men met the criteria for being at high risk of depression. Women reported significantly more depressive symptoms than men. Correlates linked with depression for both genders included perceived functional limitation, greater negative feelings regarding condom use, lower social support, and lower sense of empowerment. Being physically abused as adults and being Hispanic were correlates specific to men. No unique correlate was identified for women. DISCUSSION: Because of the high prevalence of depression among HIV-positive IDUs, caregivers should screen HIV-positive IDUs for depression and consider treatment for depression. Because of the similarities in correlates of depression among men and women, case finding and interventions for depression are likely to be similar for male and female HIV-positive IDUs.

AB - INTRODUCTION: Although depression is common among HIV-positive injection drug users (IDUs), little is known about differences between male and female HIV-positive IDUs. METHODS: We used baseline data for 1126 HIV-positive IDUs from a behavioral intervention trial from 2001 through 2005 in 4 US cities. Using the Brief Symptom Inventory-18, scores indicating high risk for depression were calculated separately for men and women based on raw scores of 9 for women and 7 for men. We did separate logistic regressions for men and women to evaluate correlates of depression in 4 domains: sociodemographic, psychosocial, substance use, and sexual behaviors/attitudes. RESULTS: Approximately one third of women and men met the criteria for being at high risk of depression. Women reported significantly more depressive symptoms than men. Correlates linked with depression for both genders included perceived functional limitation, greater negative feelings regarding condom use, lower social support, and lower sense of empowerment. Being physically abused as adults and being Hispanic were correlates specific to men. No unique correlate was identified for women. DISCUSSION: Because of the high prevalence of depression among HIV-positive IDUs, caregivers should screen HIV-positive IDUs for depression and consider treatment for depression. Because of the similarities in correlates of depression among men and women, case finding and interventions for depression are likely to be similar for male and female HIV-positive IDUs.

KW - Depression

KW - Gender

KW - HIV

KW - Injection drug use

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=37349123876&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=37349123876&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/QAI.0b013e318157683b

DO - 10.1097/QAI.0b013e318157683b

M3 - Article

C2 - 18089990

AN - SCOPUS:37349123876

VL - 46

JO - Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes

JF - Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes

SN - 1525-4135

IS - SUPPL. 2

ER -