Correlates and outcomes of worries about hypoglycemia in family members of adults with diabetes: The second Diabetes Attitudes, Wishes and Needs (DAWN2) study

Giesje Nefs, François Pouwer, Richard I G Holt, Søren Skovlund, Norbert Hermanns, Antonio Nicolucci, Mark Peyrot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective We examined (a) the demographic and clinical correlates of worries about hypoglycemia in adult family members of adults with diabetes, and (b) the association of these worries with measures of diabetes support. Methods The second multinational Diabetes Attitudes, Wishes and Needs (DAWN2) study cross-sectionally surveyed 2057 family members from 17 countries. Participants completed questions about demographics, diabetes, and psychosocial functioning, including worry about overall and nocturnal hypoglycemia. Analyses included hierarchical ordinal and linear regression. Results Eighty-five percent of family members (n = 1661) were at least occasionally very worried about the risk of hypoglycemic events overall. Correlates of worries about hypoglycemia included female gender, higher age and lower education in the family member, younger age of the person with diabetes and this person being a parent or another adult (versus spouse or partner), insulin or non-insulin injectable treatment, severe or non-severe hypoglycemia in the past 12 months, and family member recognition of hypoglycemia. Elevated worries about hypoglycemia had a significant independent association with increased odds of diabetes-related family arguments and family member frustration in providing helpful support (OR range 1.60–3.72). High levels of worries about hypoglycemia were associated with increased odds of attending diabetes-related health-care visits. Worries about hypoglycemia were not associated with family member involvement in diabetes care. Similar results were found for worries about nocturnal events. Conclusion Worries about hypoglycemia were common in family members and were associated with suboptimal diabetes support. This issue therefore deserves increased clinician attention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)69-77
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Psychosomatic Research
Volume89
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Diabetes
  • Family
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Support
  • Worry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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