Correlates and mediators of life satisfaction among youth with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

Joshua M. Nadeau, Marni L. Jacob, Amanda C. Keene, Shawn M. Alderman, Leah E. Hacker, Mark A. Cavitt, Jeffrey L. Alvaro, Eric A. Storch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The current study examined factors associated with life satisfaction among 111 youth, ages 8-17 years, presenting for outpatient treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Youth completed the Students Life Satisfaction Scale, Vanderbilt ADHD Diagnostic Rating Scale-Child, and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) and Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) modules of the Revised Childs Anxiety and Depression Scale. A primary caregiver completed a standard demographic form, and the Vanderbilt ADHD Diagnostic Rating Scale-Parent. Results indicated that child-rated ADHD symptoms, depressive symptoms, and generalized anxiety symptoms were negatively related to life satisfaction. Parent-rated ADHD symptoms in the child were related to child-rated ADHD symptoms but not to depressive symptoms, generalized anxiety symptoms, or life satisfaction. Depressive symptoms predicted life satisfaction above and beyond parent-rated ADHD symptom severity; however, neither depressive nor generalized anxiety symptoms were found to uniquely predict life satisfaction above and beyond child-rated ADHD symptom severity. Depressive symptoms mediated the relationship between child-rated ADHD symptom severity and life satisfaction. Assessment and treatment implications are discussed; specifically, we highlight how the variables of interest may impact clinical presentation and treatment course.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)169-182
Number of pages14
JournalChildren's Health Care
Volume44
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 3 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

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