Correcting radiofrequency inhomogeneity effects in skeletal muscle magnetisation transfer maps

C. D.J. Sinclair, J. M. Morrow, M. G. Hanna, M. M. Reilly, T. A. Yousry, X. Golay, J. S. Thornton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


The potential of MRI to provide quantitative measures of neuromuscular pathology for use in therapeutic trials is being increasingly recognised. Magnetisation transfer (MT) imaging shows particular promise in this context, being sensitive to pathological changes, particularly in skeletal muscle, where measurements correlate with clinically measured muscle strength. Radiofrequency (RF) transmit field (B 1) inhomogeneities can be particularly problematic in measurements of the MT ratio (MTR) and may obscure genuine muscle MTR changes caused by disease. In this work, we evaluate, for muscle imaging applications, a scheme previously proposed for the correction of RF inhomogeneity artefacts in cerebral MTR maps using B 1 information acquired in the same session. We demonstrate the theoretical applicability of this scheme to skeletal muscle using a two-pool model of pulsed quantitative MT. The correction scheme is evaluated practically in MTR imaging of the lower limbs of 28 healthy individuals and in two groups of patients with representative neuromuscular diseases: Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A and inclusion body myositis. The correction scheme was observed to reduce both the within-subject and between-subject variability in the calf and thigh muscles of healthy subjects and patient groups in histogram- and region-of-interest-based approaches. This method of correcting for RF inhomogeneity effects in MTR maps using B 1 data may markedly improve the sensitivity of MTR mapping indices as measures of pathology in skeletal muscle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)262-270
Number of pages9
JournalNMR in biomedicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2012


  • B
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease
  • Inclusion body myositis
  • Magnetization transfer
  • Muscle
  • Neuromuscular disorder
  • Quantitative MRI
  • RF mapping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Spectroscopy


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