Clinical studies, laboratory investigations and population surveys show that certain personal characteristics and life styles point to increased danger of heart attack (coronary heart disease). These danger signs are called 'risk factors'. The well-established risk factors are high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, cigarette smoking, diabetes mellitus and obesity. Other factors that may affect risk for heart attack are a sedentary life style, an aggressive response to stress, and certain drugs. In the past two decades, millions of Americans have learned about these risk factors and have tried to modify them favorably by seeking medical attention and by changing life style. Many adults have stopped smoking. The medical control of high blood pressure has greatly improved. The average cholesterol level of the population has decreased continually since the mid 1960s, probably due to changes in dietary habits and increased exercise.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1985|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)