Coronary flow limitation during the development of ischemia. Effect of atrial pacing in patients with left anterior descending coronary artery disease

Richard M. Fuchs, Jeffrey A Brinker, William L Maughan, Myron Weisfeldt, Frank C P Yin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Atrial pacing-induced tachycardia causes increased myocardial oxygen demand and leads to the development of angina in patients with significant coronary arterial narrowing, when the ability to augment coronary flow is limited. This study evaluated the response of coronary flow in a single coronary bed as that bed was rendered ischemic by progressive increases in oxygen demand. Thermodilution measurements of great cardiac vein flow, representing the efflux from the territory of the left anterior descending coronary artery, were obtained in 20 patients as heart rate was increased by incremental atrial pacing until the maximal heart rate was reached or angina developed. Ten of the 20 patients had no significant coronary narrowing on angiography, and 10 had a lesion obstructing more than 50 percent of the diameter of the left anterior descending coronary artery but no other significant coronary narrowing. No significant difference was found between the two groups in resting heart rate, aortic pressure, left ventricular end-diastolic pressure or great cardiac vein flow. With each increment in heart rate throughout the pacing test, the patients without significant coronary stenosis showed a steady increase in great cardiac vein flow. During all submaximal pacing increments, the increase in great cardiac vein flow per increment in heart rate was similar in those with and without significant stenosis (mean ± standard deviation 1.05 ± 0.48 ml/beat versus 0.79 ± 0.31 ml/beat, respectively). However, over the final pacing increment, the patients with coronary stenosis had no increase in great cardiac vein flow, whereas those without disease continued to have increased flow (Δ = 0.10 ± 0.19 ml/beat versus 1.3 ± 0.69 ml/beat, respectively, p <0.001). This flow limitation phenomenon was observed in all 10 patients with coronary stenosis and was accompanied by angina or S-T segment changes, or both, in all 10. This striking difference in coronary flow patterns between patients with and without significant left anterior descending coronary artery disease may prove useful in (1) further studies of the pathophysiology and therapy of myocardial ischemia in human beings, and (2) clinical evaluation of the hemodynamic importance of left anterior descending coronary arterial lesions in selected patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1029-1036
Number of pages8
JournalThe American Journal of Cardiology
Volume48
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1981

Fingerprint

Coronary Artery Disease
Ischemia
Veins
Heart Rate
Coronary Stenosis
Coronary Vessels
Oxygen
Thermodilution
Tachycardia
Myocardial Ischemia
Angiography
Arterial Pressure
Pathologic Constriction
Hemodynamics
Blood Pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

@article{46be6f691257468f8a6709b6ba8a32fa,
title = "Coronary flow limitation during the development of ischemia. Effect of atrial pacing in patients with left anterior descending coronary artery disease",
abstract = "Atrial pacing-induced tachycardia causes increased myocardial oxygen demand and leads to the development of angina in patients with significant coronary arterial narrowing, when the ability to augment coronary flow is limited. This study evaluated the response of coronary flow in a single coronary bed as that bed was rendered ischemic by progressive increases in oxygen demand. Thermodilution measurements of great cardiac vein flow, representing the efflux from the territory of the left anterior descending coronary artery, were obtained in 20 patients as heart rate was increased by incremental atrial pacing until the maximal heart rate was reached or angina developed. Ten of the 20 patients had no significant coronary narrowing on angiography, and 10 had a lesion obstructing more than 50 percent of the diameter of the left anterior descending coronary artery but no other significant coronary narrowing. No significant difference was found between the two groups in resting heart rate, aortic pressure, left ventricular end-diastolic pressure or great cardiac vein flow. With each increment in heart rate throughout the pacing test, the patients without significant coronary stenosis showed a steady increase in great cardiac vein flow. During all submaximal pacing increments, the increase in great cardiac vein flow per increment in heart rate was similar in those with and without significant stenosis (mean ± standard deviation 1.05 ± 0.48 ml/beat versus 0.79 ± 0.31 ml/beat, respectively). However, over the final pacing increment, the patients with coronary stenosis had no increase in great cardiac vein flow, whereas those without disease continued to have increased flow (Δ = 0.10 ± 0.19 ml/beat versus 1.3 ± 0.69 ml/beat, respectively, p <0.001). This flow limitation phenomenon was observed in all 10 patients with coronary stenosis and was accompanied by angina or S-T segment changes, or both, in all 10. This striking difference in coronary flow patterns between patients with and without significant left anterior descending coronary artery disease may prove useful in (1) further studies of the pathophysiology and therapy of myocardial ischemia in human beings, and (2) clinical evaluation of the hemodynamic importance of left anterior descending coronary arterial lesions in selected patients.",
author = "Fuchs, {Richard M.} and Brinker, {Jeffrey A} and Maughan, {William L} and Myron Weisfeldt and Yin, {Frank C P}",
year = "1981",
doi = "10.1016/0002-9149(81)90316-7",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "48",
pages = "1029--1036",
journal = "American Journal of Cardiology",
issn = "0002-9149",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Coronary flow limitation during the development of ischemia. Effect of atrial pacing in patients with left anterior descending coronary artery disease

AU - Fuchs, Richard M.

AU - Brinker, Jeffrey A

AU - Maughan, William L

AU - Weisfeldt, Myron

AU - Yin, Frank C P

PY - 1981

Y1 - 1981

N2 - Atrial pacing-induced tachycardia causes increased myocardial oxygen demand and leads to the development of angina in patients with significant coronary arterial narrowing, when the ability to augment coronary flow is limited. This study evaluated the response of coronary flow in a single coronary bed as that bed was rendered ischemic by progressive increases in oxygen demand. Thermodilution measurements of great cardiac vein flow, representing the efflux from the territory of the left anterior descending coronary artery, were obtained in 20 patients as heart rate was increased by incremental atrial pacing until the maximal heart rate was reached or angina developed. Ten of the 20 patients had no significant coronary narrowing on angiography, and 10 had a lesion obstructing more than 50 percent of the diameter of the left anterior descending coronary artery but no other significant coronary narrowing. No significant difference was found between the two groups in resting heart rate, aortic pressure, left ventricular end-diastolic pressure or great cardiac vein flow. With each increment in heart rate throughout the pacing test, the patients without significant coronary stenosis showed a steady increase in great cardiac vein flow. During all submaximal pacing increments, the increase in great cardiac vein flow per increment in heart rate was similar in those with and without significant stenosis (mean ± standard deviation 1.05 ± 0.48 ml/beat versus 0.79 ± 0.31 ml/beat, respectively). However, over the final pacing increment, the patients with coronary stenosis had no increase in great cardiac vein flow, whereas those without disease continued to have increased flow (Δ = 0.10 ± 0.19 ml/beat versus 1.3 ± 0.69 ml/beat, respectively, p <0.001). This flow limitation phenomenon was observed in all 10 patients with coronary stenosis and was accompanied by angina or S-T segment changes, or both, in all 10. This striking difference in coronary flow patterns between patients with and without significant left anterior descending coronary artery disease may prove useful in (1) further studies of the pathophysiology and therapy of myocardial ischemia in human beings, and (2) clinical evaluation of the hemodynamic importance of left anterior descending coronary arterial lesions in selected patients.

AB - Atrial pacing-induced tachycardia causes increased myocardial oxygen demand and leads to the development of angina in patients with significant coronary arterial narrowing, when the ability to augment coronary flow is limited. This study evaluated the response of coronary flow in a single coronary bed as that bed was rendered ischemic by progressive increases in oxygen demand. Thermodilution measurements of great cardiac vein flow, representing the efflux from the territory of the left anterior descending coronary artery, were obtained in 20 patients as heart rate was increased by incremental atrial pacing until the maximal heart rate was reached or angina developed. Ten of the 20 patients had no significant coronary narrowing on angiography, and 10 had a lesion obstructing more than 50 percent of the diameter of the left anterior descending coronary artery but no other significant coronary narrowing. No significant difference was found between the two groups in resting heart rate, aortic pressure, left ventricular end-diastolic pressure or great cardiac vein flow. With each increment in heart rate throughout the pacing test, the patients without significant coronary stenosis showed a steady increase in great cardiac vein flow. During all submaximal pacing increments, the increase in great cardiac vein flow per increment in heart rate was similar in those with and without significant stenosis (mean ± standard deviation 1.05 ± 0.48 ml/beat versus 0.79 ± 0.31 ml/beat, respectively). However, over the final pacing increment, the patients with coronary stenosis had no increase in great cardiac vein flow, whereas those without disease continued to have increased flow (Δ = 0.10 ± 0.19 ml/beat versus 1.3 ± 0.69 ml/beat, respectively, p <0.001). This flow limitation phenomenon was observed in all 10 patients with coronary stenosis and was accompanied by angina or S-T segment changes, or both, in all 10. This striking difference in coronary flow patterns between patients with and without significant left anterior descending coronary artery disease may prove useful in (1) further studies of the pathophysiology and therapy of myocardial ischemia in human beings, and (2) clinical evaluation of the hemodynamic importance of left anterior descending coronary arterial lesions in selected patients.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0019713316&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0019713316&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0002-9149(81)90316-7

DO - 10.1016/0002-9149(81)90316-7

M3 - Article

C2 - 7304454

AN - SCOPUS:0019713316

VL - 48

SP - 1029

EP - 1036

JO - American Journal of Cardiology

JF - American Journal of Cardiology

SN - 0002-9149

IS - 6

ER -