Contemporary real-world data on clinical outcomes after utilization of coronary atherectomy are sparse. The study cohort was derived from Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Nationwide Inpatient Sample database from year 2012. Percutaneous coronary interventions including atherectomy were identified using appropriate International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision diagnostic and procedural codes. Two-level hierarchical multivariate mixed models were created. The primary outcome was a composite of in-hospital mortality and periprocedural complications; the secondary outcome was in-hospital mortality. Hospitalization costs were also assessed. A total of 107,131 procedures were identified in 2012. Multivariate analysis revealed that atherectomy utilization was independently predictive of greater primary composite outcome of in-hospital mortality and complications (odds ratio 1.34, 95% confidence interval 1.22 to 1.47, p <0.001) but was not associated with any significant difference in terms of in-hospital mortality alone (odds ratio 1.22, 95% confidence interval 0.99 to 1.52, p 0.063). In the propensity-matched cohort, atherectomy utilization was again associated with a higher rate of complications (12.88% vs 10.99%, p = 0.001), in-hospital mortality + any complication (13.69% vs 11.91%, p = 0.003) with a nonsignificant difference in terms of in-hospital mortality alone (3.45% vs 2.88%, p = 0.063) and higher hospitalization costs ($25,341 ± 353 vs $21,984 ± 87, p <0.001). Atherectomy utilization during percutaneous coronary intervention is associated with a higher rate of postprocedural complications without any significant impact on in-hospital mortality.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine