Coronary artery pseudo‐occlusion associated with the use of an active hemoperfusion system during ptca

Howard P. Grill, Barbara A. Dowger, Jeffrey A. Brinker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We describe the phenomenon of coronary artery “pseudo‐occlusion,” which may occur when active hemoperfusion devices are utilized during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). In such cases, contrast injected via the guiding catheter fails to opacity the coronary artery distal to the tip of the dilating catheter, thereby giving the angiographic appearance of coronary occlusion. When active hemoperfusion is terminated, contrast opacifies the vessel in a normal fashion. The cause of this observation is likely multifactorial and includes obstruction to flow by the dilating catheter, high distal pressure delivered by the dilating catheter during hemoperfusion competing with the flow of contrast infected via the guiding catheter, and wash‐out of contrast at the tip of the dilating catheter by non‐contrast containing blood being pumped through the system. This phenomenon must be recognized if potentially deleterious repeat dilatations are to be avoided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)58-61
Number of pages4
JournalCatheterization and cardiovascular diagnosis
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1991

Keywords

  • PTCA
  • coronary artery pseudo‐occlusion
  • hemoperfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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