Corneal Changes Associated With Chronic UV Irradiation

Hugh R. Taylor, Sheila K. West, Beatriz Munoz, Henry S. Newland, Frank S. Rosenthal, Edward A. Emmett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The association between exposure to UV radiation and corneal disease was investigated in 838 watermen who work on the Chesapeake Bay, Maryland. Individual ocular exposure was calculated by combining a detailed occupational history with laboratory and field measurements. Pterygium was found in 140, climatic droplet keratopathy in 162, and pinguecula in 642. Logistic regression analysis showed that pterygium and climatic droplet keratopathy were significantly associated with a broad band of UV radiation exposure (UV-B, 290 to 320 nm; A1, 320 to 340 nm; and A2, 340 to 400 nm), but the association with pinguecula was weaker. Simple measures such as wearing a hat or spectacles protect the eye and could potentially reduce the amount of pterygium and climatic droplet keratopathy attributable to UV radiation exposure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1481-1484
Number of pages4
JournalArchives of ophthalmology
Volume107
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1989

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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