Conventional MRI

Filippo Arrigoni, Sonia Calloni, Thierry A.G.M. Huisman, Luisa Chiapparini

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) allows for a detailed noninvasive visualization/examination of posterior fossa structures and represents a fundamental step in the diagnostic workup of many cerebellar disorders. In the first part of this chapter methodologic issues, like the correct choice of hardware (magnets, coils), pro and cons of the different MRI sequences, and patient management during the examination are discussed. In the second part, the MRI anatomy of the cerebellum, as noted on the various conventional MRI sequences, as well as a detailed description of cerebellar maturational processes from birth to childhood and into adulthood, are reported. Volumetric studies on the cerebellar growth based on three-dimensional MRI sequences are also presented. Moreover, we briefly discuss two main topics regarding conventional MRI of the cerebellum that have generated some debate in recent years: the differentiation between cerebellar atrophy, hypoplasia, and pontocerebellar hypoplasia, and signal changes of dentate nuclei after repetitive gadolinium-based contrast injections. The advantages and benefits of advanced neuroimaging techniques, including 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy, diffusion-weighted imaging, diffusion tensor imaging, and perfusion-weighted imaging are discussed in the last section of the chapter.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook of Clinical Neurology
PublisherElsevier B.V.
Pages219-234
Number of pages16
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Publication series

NameHandbook of Clinical Neurology
Volume154
ISSN (Print)0072-9752
ISSN (Electronic)2212-4152

Fingerprint

Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Cerebellum
Cerebellar Diseases
Cerebellar Nuclei
Diffusion Tensor Imaging
Perfusion Imaging
Magnets
Gadolinium
Neuroimaging
Atrophy
Anatomy
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Parturition
Injections
Growth

Keywords

  • H MRS
  • anatomic variants
  • cerebellar atrophy
  • cerebellar growth
  • cerebellar hypoplasia
  • cerebellar morphology
  • DWI/DTI
  • gadolinium deposition
  • MRI
  • PWI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Arrigoni, F., Calloni, S., Huisman, T. A. G. M., & Chiapparini, L. (2018). Conventional MRI. In Handbook of Clinical Neurology (pp. 219-234). (Handbook of Clinical Neurology; Vol. 154). Elsevier B.V.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-63956-1.00013-8

Conventional MRI. / Arrigoni, Filippo; Calloni, Sonia; Huisman, Thierry A.G.M.; Chiapparini, Luisa.

Handbook of Clinical Neurology. Elsevier B.V., 2018. p. 219-234 (Handbook of Clinical Neurology; Vol. 154).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Arrigoni, F, Calloni, S, Huisman, TAGM & Chiapparini, L 2018, Conventional MRI. in Handbook of Clinical Neurology. Handbook of Clinical Neurology, vol. 154, Elsevier B.V., pp. 219-234. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-63956-1.00013-8
Arrigoni F, Calloni S, Huisman TAGM, Chiapparini L. Conventional MRI. In Handbook of Clinical Neurology. Elsevier B.V. 2018. p. 219-234. (Handbook of Clinical Neurology). https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-63956-1.00013-8
Arrigoni, Filippo ; Calloni, Sonia ; Huisman, Thierry A.G.M. ; Chiapparini, Luisa. / Conventional MRI. Handbook of Clinical Neurology. Elsevier B.V., 2018. pp. 219-234 (Handbook of Clinical Neurology).
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