Controlled HIV viral replication, not liver disease severity associated with low bone mineral density in HIV/HCV co-infection

Diala El-Maouche, Shruti H. Mehta, Catherine Sutcliffe, Yvonne Higgins, Michael S. Torbenson, Richard D. Moore, David L. Thomas, Mark S. Sulkowski, Todd T. Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background & Aims: To evaluate the prevalence and risk factors for low bone mineral density (BMD) in persons co-infected with HIV and Hepatitis C. Methods: HIV/HCV co-infected study participants (n = 179) were recruited into a prospective cohort and underwent dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) within 1 year of a liver biopsy. Fibrosis staging was evaluated according to the METAVIR system. Osteoporosis was defined as a T-score ≤-2.5. Z-scores at the total hip, femoral neck, and lumbar spine were used as the primary outcome variables to assess the association between degree of liver disease, HIV-related variables, and BMD. Results: The population was 65% male, 85% Black with mean age 50.3 years. The prevalence of osteoporosis either at the total hip, femoral neck, or lumbar spine was 28%, with 5% having osteoporosis of the total hip, 6% at the femoral neck, 25% at the spine. The mean Z-scores (standard deviation) were -0.42 (1.01) at the total hip, -0.16 (1.05) at the femoral neck, and -0.82 (1.55) at the lumbar spine. In multivariable models, controlled HIV replication (HIV RNA <400 copies/ml vs. ≥400 copies/ml) was associated with lower Z-scores (mean ± standard error) at the total hip (-0.44 ± 0.17, p = 0.01), femoral neck (-0.59 ± 0.18, p = 0.001), and the spine (-0.98 ± 0.27, p = 0.0005). There was no association between degree of liver fibrosis and Z-score. Conclusions: Osteoporosis was very common in this population of predominately African-American HIV/HCV co-infected patients, particularly at the spine. Lower BMD was associated with controlled HIV replication, but not liver disease severity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)770-776
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Hepatology
Volume55
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2011

Keywords

  • Bone mineral density
  • HIV
  • Hepatic fibrosis
  • Hepatitis C

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology

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