Control of human mesothelin-expressing tumors by DNA vaccines

C. L. Chang, T. C. Wu, C. F. Hung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Mesothelin has been implicated as a potential ideal target antigen for the development of antigen-specific cancer immunotherapy for the control of mesothelin-expressing cancers such as ovarian cancer, mesothelioma and pancreatic adenocarcinoma. In the current study, we utilized a DNA vaccine encoding human mesothelin (pcDNA3-Hmeso) to treat C57BL/6 mice challenged with luciferase-expressing, Hmeso-expressing ovarian cancer cell line, Defb29 Vegf-luc/Hmeso. The therapeutic effect of the tumor-challenged mice was followed by noninvasive bioluminescence imaging systems. The mechanism of the antitumor effect was characterized by depletion of subsets of lymphocytes as well as adopted transfer of serum from pcDNA3-Hmeso-vaccinated mice. We found that vaccination with pcDNA3-Hmeso DNA vaccine generates a significant antitumor effect and promotes survival in mice challenged with Defb29 Vegf-luc/Hmeso. Furthermore, we found CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell immune responses as well as the humoral immune responses are important for the observed antitumor effects in vaccinated mice. Our data indicated that vaccination with DNA vaccine targeting Hmeso could generate potent antitumor effects against mesothelin-expressing tumors through both T cell-mediated immunity as well as antibody-mediated immunity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1189-1198
Number of pages10
JournalGene Therapy
Volume14
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Control of human mesothelin-expressing tumors by DNA vaccines'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this