Contribution of Tryptophan Residues to the Combining Site of a Monoclonal Anti Dinitrophenyl Spin-Label Antibody

Jacob Anglister, Martha W. Bond, H. M. McConnell, Michael Levitt, Jim Tomasello, Tom Frey, Daniel Leahy, Gordon S. Rule, Mei Whittaker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Two Fab fragments of the monoclonal anti dinitrophenyl (DNP) spin-label antibody AN02 were prepared by recombination of specifically deuteriated heavy and light chains. In the recombinant H(I)L(II) all the tyrosines and phenylalanines were perdeuteriated as were the tryptophan residues of the heavy chain. In the recombinant H(II)L(I) all the tyrosines and phenylalanines were perdeuteriated as were the tryptophan residues of the light chain. Saturation of three resonances of H(I)L(II), assigned to tryptophan protons of the light chain, resulted in magnetization transfer to the aromatic proton at position 6 of the DNP ring and to the CH2 protons of the glycines linked to the DNP in a diamagnetic hapten (DNP-DG). Saturation of three resonances of H(II)L(I) assigned to tryptophan protons of the heavy chain resulted in magnetization transfer to the CH2 protons of the glycines in DNP-DG. From the dependence of the magnetization transfer on the irradiation time, the cross relaxation rates between the involved protons were estimated. The inferred distances between these protons of the hapten and certain tryptophan protons are 3–4 A. It is concluded that in the combining site of AN02 there is one tryptophan from the light chain and one tryptophan from the heavy chain that are very near the hapten. When all tyrosines and phenylalanines were perdeuteriated and all tryptophan aromatic protons were deuteriated except for the protons at positions 2 and 5, titration of the Fab fragments with variable amounts of paramagnetic hapten showed that one proton from the light chain tryptophan is near (<7 A) the unpaired electron and that three other protons are significantly closer than 15 A. Eleven to fourteen tryptophan protons can be identified in the difference spectra, implying that there are five to seven tryptophans within 17 A of the spin-label hapten. Amino acid sequences of the heavy and light chains were obtained by a combination of amino acid and DNA sequencing. A molecular model was constructed from the sequence data. A single binding site is apparent in the model. The two close tryptophans deduced from the magnetic resonance data are identified as tryptophan-91 of the light chain and tryptophan-47 of the heavy chain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6058-6064
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemistry
Volume26
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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    Anglister, J., Bond, M. W., McConnell, H. M., Levitt, M., Tomasello, J., Frey, T., Leahy, D., Rule, G. S., & Whittaker, M. (1987). Contribution of Tryptophan Residues to the Combining Site of a Monoclonal Anti Dinitrophenyl Spin-Label Antibody. Biochemistry, 26(19), 6058-6064. https://doi.org/10.1021/bi00393a017