Contribution of T cells to mortality in neurovirulent Sindbis virus encephalomyelitis

Jennifer F. Rowell, Diane E. Griffin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Intranasal inoculation of C57BL/6 mice with a neurovirulent strain of Sindbis virus (SV) results in fatal encephalomyelitis. Mice with selective immune deficiencies were studied to determine the role of the immune response in fatal outcome. Mortality was decreased in mice deficient in αβ, but not γδ, T cells demonstrating a contribution of αβ T cells. Mice lacking either CD4+ or CD8+ T cells also had reduced mortality and mice lacking interferon (IFN)-γ were completely protected. Clearance of infectious virus was identical in mice without T cells or IFN-γ, but clearance of viral RNA was delayed compared to normal mice. Mice unable to produce antibody, perforin, Fas, TNF-α receptor1, IL-6 or IL-12 were not protected. These data suggest that T cells contribute to fatal acute viral encephalomyelitis through the production of IFN-γ.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)106-114
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neuroimmunology
Volume127
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Infectious immunity-virus
  • T lymphocytes
  • Transgenic/knockout

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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