Contribution of primary care to health: An individual level analysis from Tibet, China Interventions in primary health care to improve outcome and equity in health

Wenhua Wang, Leiyu Shi, Aitian Yin, Zongfu Mao, Elizabeth Maitland, Stephen Nicholas, Xiaoyun Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Introduction: There have been significant improvements in health outcomes in Tibet, health disparities between Tibet and the rest of China has been greatly reduced. This paper tests whether there was a positive association between good primary care and better health outcomes in Tibet. Method: A validated Tibetan version of the Primary Care Assessment Tool (PCAT-T) was used to collect data on 1386 patients aged over 18 years old accessing primary care. Self-rated health (SRH) was employed to measure health outcomes. A multiple binary logistic regression model was used to explore the association between primary care quality and self-rated health status after controlling for socio-demographic and lifestyle variables. Results: This study found that primary care quality had a significant positive association with self-rated health status. Among the nine domains of PCAT-T, family centeredness domain had the highest Odds Ratio (OR = 1.013) with SRH. Patients located in rural area, with higher education levels, without depression, and less frequent drinking were more likely to self-rate as "good health" compared with the reference group. Conclusions: In Tibet, higher quality primary care was associated with better self-rated health status. Primary care should be much strengthened in future health system reform in Tibet.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number107
JournalInternational Journal for Equity in Health
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Nov 30 2015



  • Primary care assessment tool
  • Primary care quality
  • Self-rated health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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