Contrasting effects of the stomach and small intestine of rats on copper absorption

M. Fields, N. Craft, C. Lewis, J. Holbrook, A. Rose, S. Reiser, J. C. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Since the severity of copper deficiency has been shown to be enhanced by feeding diets containing fructose but ameliorated by diets containing starch, we decided to investigate the effect of fructose or starch on copper absorption. As copper transport has been reported to occur also from the stomach, it was possible that copper absorption is inhibited by fructose already from that tissue. Under anesthesia, stomachs of 72 rats fed copper-deficient or supplemented diets containing fructose or starch were ligated prior to the oral administration of 64Cu. Gastric absorption of 64Cu was studied when the isotope was administered by gastric tube either in diet containing fructose or starch or in water. 64Cu was not absorbed from the stomach regardless of the type of dietary treatment, copper status or whether the copper was administered either in diet or in water. In addition, the absorption of 64Cu from a diet containing either fructose or starch or from a saline solution was studied using the isolated ligated duodenal loop. When 64Cu was administered with dietary fructose 64Cu retention and absorption were impaired when compared to starch. When 64Cu was administered in saline solution, differences in retention and absorption between the four dietary groups disappeared. It is suggested that the requirements for copper rather than the decreased absorption of copper are responsible at least in part for the more pronounced severity of copper deficiency in rats fed fructose compared to those fed starch.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2219-2228
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume116
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1986
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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