Contrasting effects of self-schema priming on lexical decisions and interpersonal stroop task performance: Evidence for a cognitive/interactionist model of interpersonal dependency

Robert F. Bornstein, H. Mei Ng, Heather A. Gallagher, Deanna M. Kloss, Natalie G. Regier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Four experiments tested a key tenet of Bornstein's (1992, 1993) cognitive/interactionist (C/I) model of interpersonal dependency: that priming the helpless self-schema (HSS) alters processing of dependency-related information in dependent-but not nondependent-individuals. Experiments 1 and 2 assessed the effects of subliminal lexical priming and an emotional priming manipulation on lexical decision (LD) judgments for dependency-related words and control words. Experiments 3 and 4 assessed the effects of these same priming procedures on Interpersonal Stroop Task (IST) performance. As predicted, priming the HSS produced contrasting effects on different outcome measures, decreasing LD latencies, but increasing IST response times. Results are discussed in the context of the C/I model, and suggestions for future studies are offered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)731-762
Number of pages32
JournalJournal of personality
Volume73
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2005

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

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