Contrast media induced nephropathy: A literature review of the available evidence and recommendations for practice

Hiba Deek, Phillip Newton, Noella Sheerin, Samar Noureddine, Patricia M. Davidson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Background: Contrast media induced nephropathy (CIN) is a sudden compromise of renal function 24-48. h after administering contrast medium during a CT scan or angiography. CIN accounts for 10% of hospital acquired renal failure and is ranked the third cause of acquiring this condition. Identifying patients at risk through proper screening can reduce the occurrence of this condition. Purpose: This review paper aims to critique current evidence, provide a better understanding of CIN, inform nursing practice and make recommendations for bedside nurses and future research. Method: An integrative review of the literature was made using the key terms: "contrast media", "nephritis", "nephropathy", "contrast media induced nephropathy scores", "acute kidney failure", "acute renal failure" and "acute kidney injury". MeSH key terms used in some databases were: "prevention and control", "acute kidney failure" and "treatment". Databases searched included Medline, CINAHL and Academic Search Complete, and references of relevant articles were also assessed. The search included all articles between the years 2000 and 2013. Results: Sixty-seven articles were obtained as a result of the search, including RCTs, systematic reviews, and retrospective studies. Conclusion: Contrast media induced nephropathy is an iatrogenic complication occurring secondary to diagnostic or therapeutic procedures. At times it is unavoidable but a systematic method of risk assessment should be adopted to identify high risk patients for tailored and targeted approaches to management interventions. Clinical implications: As the use of contrast media is increasing for diagnostic purposes, it is important that nurses be aware of the risk factors for CIN, identify and monitor high risk patients to prevent deterioration in renal function when possible.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)166-171
Number of pages6
JournalAustralian Critical Care
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Acute kidney failure
  • Acute renal failure
  • Contrast media
  • Contrast media induced nephropathy scores
  • Nephritis
  • Nephropathy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency
  • Critical Care

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