Contraceptive outcomes among post-partum and post-abortal adolescents

Paul D. Blumenthal, Lucy E. Wilson, Robin E. Remsburg, Vanessa E. Cullins, George R. Huggins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Between January 1992 and January 1993, there were 280 teens (ages 13-18) who either delivered a baby or terminated a pregnancy at Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center. Of these, 92 chose to contracept with Norplant implants, and 188 chose another method including "no" method. In July 1993, telephone interviews were conducted with 37 of those who chose Norplant implants and 41 of the non-Norplant implants users. After 1 year, 47% of oral contraceptive (COC) users had discontinued the method compared to only 16% of Norplant implants users (P < 0.03). Reasons for discontinuation centered on side effects for both groups but with some COC and condom users, discontinuing use due to "forgetfulness" or failure (pregnancy). Among the COC group (which was the most common choice after Norplant implant), 25% of the adolescents had experienced a subsequent unplanned pregnancy compared to 0% of the Norplant implant group (P < 0.01). Norplant implants were clearly an acceptable and effective contraceptive for these post-partum and post-abortal teens, who articulated a high motivation to avoid a subsequent unplanned pregnancy. However, it is clearly not the only method teens will choose to use, and more attention must be paid to adequate counseling of those choosing another method.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)451-460
Number of pages10
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 1994


  • Adolescents
  • contraception
  • post-abortion
  • post-partum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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