Twice daily sc injections of GHRH increase serum GH and IGF-I levels in healthy old men to values like those of untreated young men by producing high amplitude GH peaks after the injections. In the present study, we measured baseline insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) 24-h profiles of GH release, and responses to GHRH stimulation tests in healthy young and old men. Old men were then given, in random order, 1 and 2 mg continuous sc GHRH 1-44 infusions daily for 14 days with an intervening 14-day treatment-free period. The study protocol was repeated on day 14 of each treatment. At baseline, mean duration of GH peaks (P < 0.005) and IGF-I levels (P < 0.0001) were lower in old men. Both doses increased (vs. old basal) mean 24-h GH, integrated area under the GH curve, and GH peak number (P < 0.05), as well as serum IGF-I (P < 0.001). Interpeak GH levels also increased during low (P < 0.01) and high (P < 0.05) dose treatment. Significant increases in mean GH and integrated area under the GH curve occurred only during the day (0800-2000 h) during both low (P < 0.01) and high (P < 0.05) dose treatment. Treatment also decreased nocturnal peak GH amplitude and duration. GH responses to GHRH stimulation tests did not differ with age at baseline, or in old men after treatment. Thus, continuous, short-term sc administration of GHRH to healthy old men restores subnormal GH secretion and IGF-I levels by increasing GH peak frequency and interpeak secretion, particularly during the day.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical