Continuous intracranial pressure monitoring via the shunt reservoir to assess suspected shunt malfunction in adults with hydrocephalus.

Romergryko Geocadin, Panayiotis N. Varelas, Daniele Rigamonti, Michael A. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECT: The authors attempted to determine whether continuous intracranial pressure monitoring via the shunt reservoir identifies ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt malfunctions that are not identified by radionuclide shunt patency study or shunt tap in adults with hydrocephalus. METHODS: During a 2-year period, 26 adults underwent 32 in-hospital continuous intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring evaluations via needle access of a shunt reservoir. Monitoring was performed for 26.8 +/- 13.8 hours (mean +/- standard deviation). No ICP waveform abnormality was detected in 31% of the evaluations (10 of 32). In contrast, abnormalities were detected in 69% (22 of 32 evaluations), including B waves (nine of 22 evaluations), siphoning (nine of 22 evaluations), and variable ICP (two of 22 evaluations). In 20 (91%) of these 22 evaluations, the ICP abnormality was detected only after continuous ICP monitoring; in the other two evaluations, ICP became abnormal immediately on accessing the shunt reservoir. On the basis of the ICP monitoring results, shunt revision was performed in 66% (21 of 32 evaluations) and medical therapy was administered in 34% (11 of 32 evaluations). Shunt revision led to symptom improvement in 82% (18 of 22 patients) and no change in 18% (four of 22 patients); medical therapy led to improvement in 18% (two of 11 patients), worsening in 18% (two of 11 patients), and no change in 64% (seven of 11 patients; p <0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Continuous ICP monitoring via the shunt reservoir provides a more accurate assessment of shunt malfunction than transient ICP monitoring with a shunt tap or a radionuclide shunt patency study. It is a safe method for evaluating patients with suspected VP shunt malfunction, provides in vivo assessment of the effect of the shunt system on a patient's ICP, and can lead to more effective shunt revision.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalNeurosurgical Focus
Volume22
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2007

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Intracranial Pressure
Hydrocephalus
Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt
Radioisotopes
Needles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

@article{6633847d50d1435d991f19c935b8d0b1,
title = "Continuous intracranial pressure monitoring via the shunt reservoir to assess suspected shunt malfunction in adults with hydrocephalus.",
abstract = "OBJECT: The authors attempted to determine whether continuous intracranial pressure monitoring via the shunt reservoir identifies ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt malfunctions that are not identified by radionuclide shunt patency study or shunt tap in adults with hydrocephalus. METHODS: During a 2-year period, 26 adults underwent 32 in-hospital continuous intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring evaluations via needle access of a shunt reservoir. Monitoring was performed for 26.8 +/- 13.8 hours (mean +/- standard deviation). No ICP waveform abnormality was detected in 31{\%} of the evaluations (10 of 32). In contrast, abnormalities were detected in 69{\%} (22 of 32 evaluations), including B waves (nine of 22 evaluations), siphoning (nine of 22 evaluations), and variable ICP (two of 22 evaluations). In 20 (91{\%}) of these 22 evaluations, the ICP abnormality was detected only after continuous ICP monitoring; in the other two evaluations, ICP became abnormal immediately on accessing the shunt reservoir. On the basis of the ICP monitoring results, shunt revision was performed in 66{\%} (21 of 32 evaluations) and medical therapy was administered in 34{\%} (11 of 32 evaluations). Shunt revision led to symptom improvement in 82{\%} (18 of 22 patients) and no change in 18{\%} (four of 22 patients); medical therapy led to improvement in 18{\%} (two of 11 patients), worsening in 18{\%} (two of 11 patients), and no change in 64{\%} (seven of 11 patients; p <0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Continuous ICP monitoring via the shunt reservoir provides a more accurate assessment of shunt malfunction than transient ICP monitoring with a shunt tap or a radionuclide shunt patency study. It is a safe method for evaluating patients with suspected VP shunt malfunction, provides in vivo assessment of the effect of the shunt system on a patient's ICP, and can lead to more effective shunt revision.",
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T1 - Continuous intracranial pressure monitoring via the shunt reservoir to assess suspected shunt malfunction in adults with hydrocephalus.

AU - Geocadin, Romergryko

AU - Varelas, Panayiotis N.

AU - Rigamonti, Daniele

AU - Williams, Michael A.

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - OBJECT: The authors attempted to determine whether continuous intracranial pressure monitoring via the shunt reservoir identifies ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt malfunctions that are not identified by radionuclide shunt patency study or shunt tap in adults with hydrocephalus. METHODS: During a 2-year period, 26 adults underwent 32 in-hospital continuous intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring evaluations via needle access of a shunt reservoir. Monitoring was performed for 26.8 +/- 13.8 hours (mean +/- standard deviation). No ICP waveform abnormality was detected in 31% of the evaluations (10 of 32). In contrast, abnormalities were detected in 69% (22 of 32 evaluations), including B waves (nine of 22 evaluations), siphoning (nine of 22 evaluations), and variable ICP (two of 22 evaluations). In 20 (91%) of these 22 evaluations, the ICP abnormality was detected only after continuous ICP monitoring; in the other two evaluations, ICP became abnormal immediately on accessing the shunt reservoir. On the basis of the ICP monitoring results, shunt revision was performed in 66% (21 of 32 evaluations) and medical therapy was administered in 34% (11 of 32 evaluations). Shunt revision led to symptom improvement in 82% (18 of 22 patients) and no change in 18% (four of 22 patients); medical therapy led to improvement in 18% (two of 11 patients), worsening in 18% (two of 11 patients), and no change in 64% (seven of 11 patients; p <0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Continuous ICP monitoring via the shunt reservoir provides a more accurate assessment of shunt malfunction than transient ICP monitoring with a shunt tap or a radionuclide shunt patency study. It is a safe method for evaluating patients with suspected VP shunt malfunction, provides in vivo assessment of the effect of the shunt system on a patient's ICP, and can lead to more effective shunt revision.

AB - OBJECT: The authors attempted to determine whether continuous intracranial pressure monitoring via the shunt reservoir identifies ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt malfunctions that are not identified by radionuclide shunt patency study or shunt tap in adults with hydrocephalus. METHODS: During a 2-year period, 26 adults underwent 32 in-hospital continuous intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring evaluations via needle access of a shunt reservoir. Monitoring was performed for 26.8 +/- 13.8 hours (mean +/- standard deviation). No ICP waveform abnormality was detected in 31% of the evaluations (10 of 32). In contrast, abnormalities were detected in 69% (22 of 32 evaluations), including B waves (nine of 22 evaluations), siphoning (nine of 22 evaluations), and variable ICP (two of 22 evaluations). In 20 (91%) of these 22 evaluations, the ICP abnormality was detected only after continuous ICP monitoring; in the other two evaluations, ICP became abnormal immediately on accessing the shunt reservoir. On the basis of the ICP monitoring results, shunt revision was performed in 66% (21 of 32 evaluations) and medical therapy was administered in 34% (11 of 32 evaluations). Shunt revision led to symptom improvement in 82% (18 of 22 patients) and no change in 18% (four of 22 patients); medical therapy led to improvement in 18% (two of 11 patients), worsening in 18% (two of 11 patients), and no change in 64% (seven of 11 patients; p <0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Continuous ICP monitoring via the shunt reservoir provides a more accurate assessment of shunt malfunction than transient ICP monitoring with a shunt tap or a radionuclide shunt patency study. It is a safe method for evaluating patients with suspected VP shunt malfunction, provides in vivo assessment of the effect of the shunt system on a patient's ICP, and can lead to more effective shunt revision.

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