Acquired von Willebrand disease (aVWD) is a rare disorder associated with a reduction in von Willebrand factor (VWF) activity, leading to increased bleeding risk. Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) is the most common cause of lymphoproliferative disorder-associated aVWD and is caused by accelerated clearance of circulating VWF. Standard VWF replacement protocols for congenital VWD based on intermittent bolus dosing are typically less effective for aVWD because of antibodymediated clearance. Intermittent bolus dosing of VWF concentrates often leads to inadequate peak response and profoundly shortened VWF half-life in aVWD. Intravenous immune globulin (IVIG) has demonstrated efficacy in aVWD; however, treatment effect is delayed up to 4 days, limiting its efficacy in acutely bleeding patients. We report the successful use of continuous-infusion VWF concentrate (with or without concomitant IVIG) in 3 patients with MGUS-associated aVWD who had demonstrated an inadequate response to bolus dosing. VWF concentrate doses required in this cohort were higher than typical doses for bleeding treatment in congenital VWD. This report illustrates that continuous-infusion VWF concentrate administration with or without intravenous immunoglobulin rapidly achieves target ristocetin cofactor activity and provides adequate hemostasis in aVWD associated with immunoglobulin G MGUS.
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