CONTINGENT REINFORCEMENT FOR CARBON MONOXIDE REDUCTION: WITHIN‐SUBJECT EFFECTS OF PAY AMOUNT

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The relationship between reinforcer amount and daytime smoking reduction in smokers offered money for reduced afternoon breath carbon monoxide (CO) levels was examined. Twenty‐three hired regular smokers with average baseline CO levels of about 30 ppm were exposed in random order to five sliding scale payment schedules that changed daily or weekly. Money was available for afternoon CO readings between 0 and 21 ppm with pay amount inversely related to the absolute CO reading obtained. Maximum pay amount for readings below 7 ppm varied among $0, $1.50, $3, $6, and $12 per day. Contingent reinforcement promoted CO and daytime cigarette reduction within individuals with the amount of behavior change related to the amount of payment available. Average CO levels decreased from 30 to 15 ppm as a function of pay amount whereas self‐reported daytime cigarettes decreased from 12 to 5 per day. Average minutes of cigarette abstinence prior to the afternoon study contact increased from 62 to 319 minutes as a function of pay amount, whereas the percentage of available money earned increased from 22% to 48%. Nontargeted evening cigarette use also decreased during periods of daytime smoking reduction. The orderly effects of this contingent reinforcement intervention on daytime smoking of regular smoker volunteers suggest that this is a sensitive model for continued evaluation of factors that influence smoking reduction and cessation. 1984 Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)477-483
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of applied behavior analysis
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1984

Keywords

  • carbon monoxide reduction
  • contingencies
  • reinforcement
  • smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Philosophy
  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'CONTINGENT REINFORCEMENT FOR CARBON MONOXIDE REDUCTION: WITHIN‐SUBJECT EFFECTS OF PAY AMOUNT'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this