Context-specific adaptation of pursuit initiation humans

M. Takagi, H. Abe, S. Hasegawa, T. Usui, H. Hasebe, A. Miki, D. S. Zee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


PURPOSE. To determine if multiple states for the initiation of pursuit, as assessed by acceleration in the 'open-loop' period, can be learned and gated by context. METHODS. Four normal subjects were studied. A modified step-ramp paradigm for horizontal pursuit was used to induce adaptation. In an increasing paradigm, target velocity doubled 230 msec after onset; in a decreasing paradigm, it was halved. In the first experiment, vertical eye position (±5°) was used as the context cue, and the training paradigm (increasing or decreasing) changed with vertical eye position. In the second experiment, with vertical position constant, when the target was red, training was decreasing, and when green, increasing. The average eye acceleration in the first 100 msec of tracking was the index of open-loop pursuit performance. RESULTS. With vertical position as the cue, pursuit adaptation differed between up and down gaze. In some cases, the direction of adaptation was in exact accord with the training stimuli. In others, acceleration increased or decreased for both up and down gaze but always in correct relative proportion to the training stimuli. In contrast, multiple adaptive states were not induced with color as the cue. CONCLUSIONS. Multiple values for the relationship between the average eye acceleration during the initiation of pursuit and target velocity could be learned and gated by context. Vertical position was an effective contextual cue but not target color, implying that useful contextual cues must be similar to those occurring naturally, for example, orbital position with eye muscle weakness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3763-3769
Number of pages7
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Issue number12
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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