Contact dermatitis - New pathogenetic aspects and suppression by magnesium ions

W. Diezel, M. Shanks, Grant James Anhalt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Recent studies suggest that the following immune reactions have to be considered in the pathogenesis of contact dermatitis: (1) phagocytosis of foreign antigen molecules by epidermal Langerhans' cells (ELC) and presentation of these molecules to T-lymphocytes (T-inducer cells); (2) clonal growth of these cells, stimulated by interleukin 2, and transition of them to cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (CD4+/CD29+ and CD3+/CD8+ lymphocytes, respectively); and (3) antigen recognition and cytotoxic damage of epidermal cells, which on their surface express the antigens originally phagocytized by ELC. Furthermore, the recognition of antigens does not only depend on the structure of the antigen, but is also largely influenced by gene products derived from the host (class I alloantigens: HLA-A, -B, -C).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)436-438
Number of pages3
JournalH+G Zeitschrift fur Hautkrankheiten
Volume66
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

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Contact Dermatitis
Magnesium
Ions
Antigens
Langerhans Cells
HLA-A Antigens
HLA-B Antigens
Isoantigens
Cytotoxic T-Lymphocytes
Surface Antigens
Helper-Inducer T-Lymphocytes
Phagocytosis
Interleukin-2
Lymphocytes
T-Lymphocytes
Growth
Genes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

Cite this

Contact dermatitis - New pathogenetic aspects and suppression by magnesium ions. / Diezel, W.; Shanks, M.; Anhalt, Grant James.

In: H+G Zeitschrift fur Hautkrankheiten, Vol. 66, No. 5, 1991, p. 436-438.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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