Consultative Total Parenteral Nutrition Teams: The Effect on the Incidence of Total Parenteral Nutrition-Related Complications

Michael J. Dalton, Greg Schepers, Joseph P. Gee, Cary C. Alberts, Frederick E. Eckhauser, Duane M. Kirking, Michael J. Dalton, Greg Schepers, Joseph P. Gee, Cary C. Alberts, Frederick E. Eckhauser, Duane M. Kirking, Michael J. Dalton, Greg Schepers, Cary C. Alberts, Joseph P. Gee, Frederick E. Eckhauser, Duane M. Kirking

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A two part, prospective study was undertaken to establish the existing frequency of total parenteral nutrition-(TPN) related mechanical, metabolic, and septic complications in an institution with a consultative TPN team (group A) and to determine if increasing the involvement of the TPN team in patient monitoring and verifying adherence to TPN infection control guidelines would reduce the incidence of these complications (group B). The initial 28 consecutive patients were managed entirely by their primary physicians with the role of the TPN team limited to consultative activities while the next 29 patients receiving TPN were managed jointly by their primary physicians and the TPN team. Analysis of the results show group B to have a significant reduction in metabolic complications, decreased incidence of mechanical abnormalities, and approximately equal incidences of documented sepsis. However, when compared to the results of an institution in which the TPN team has complete control of TPN therapy, even the group B patients had a relatively excessive number of TPN-related complications especially in the categories of mechanical and metabolic abnormalities. Thus, consultative TPN teams do not necessarily ensure optimum TPN therapy and institutions using this approach to provide nutrition parenterally must be prepared to establish the incidence of TPN-related complications and to expand the involvement of the TPN team as required to control the frequency of these anomalies. (Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition 8:146-152, 1984).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)146-152
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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    Dalton, M. J., Schepers, G., Gee, J. P., Alberts, C. C., Eckhauser, F. E., Kirking, D. M., Dalton, M. J., Schepers, G., Gee, J. P., Alberts, C. C., Eckhauser, F. E., Kirking, D. M., Dalton, M. J., Schepers, G., Alberts, C. C., Gee, J. P., Eckhauser, F. E., & Kirking, D. M. (1984). Consultative Total Parenteral Nutrition Teams: The Effect on the Incidence of Total Parenteral Nutrition-Related Complications. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, 8(2), 146-152. https://doi.org/10.1177/0148607184008002146