Constitutive expression of vascular endothelial cell growth factor (VEGF) gene family ligand and receptors on human upper and lower airway epithelial cells

Hyun Sil Lee, Jean Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: We previously reported that vascular endothelial cell growth factor (VEGF) is abundantly expressed by primary human nasal epithelial cells (PNECs) and functions to promote cell hyperplasia in polyposis. Therefore, we aimed to examine the full expression profile of other members of the VEGF gene family of ligands and receptors, which may play a role in cell growth and the development of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP). Methods: Messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein expression of VEGF genes, receptors, and co-receptors was examined from cultured PNECs (n = 4) and compared to that from primary human bronchial epithelial cells (PBECs; n = 4) and the BEAS2B cell line (n = 4) by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and flow cytometry. Results: We report abundant expression of VEGFA, VEGFB, and VEGFC, detected by mRNA and flow cytometric analysis on PNECs. We herein report the novel finding that there is significant expression of VEGFR1, VEGFR2, VEGFR3, and both neuropilin co-receptors, NP1 and NP2, at baseline conditions on PNECs. Lower airway PBECs and BEAS2B cells displayed similar patterns of expression. Conclusion: PNECs express high constitutive levels of the VEGF gene family homolog of ligands and receptors. Expression of multiple VEGF ligand-receptor combinations may function as redundant pathways to promote upper and lower airway epithelial cell growth during inflammation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8-14
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Forum of Allergy and Rhinology
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Keywords

  • BEAS2B cells
  • Chronic rhinosinusitis
  • Neuropilin
  • Primary bronchial airway epithelial cells
  • Primary nasal airway epithelial cells
  • Vascular endothelial cell growth factor
  • Vascular endothelial cell growth factor receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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