We present a sequence of 2,220 nucleotides from a region of the genome of herpesvirus saimiri (HVS) which includes the coding and putative regulatory sequences for the 52-kilodalton (kDa) immediate-early (IE) phosphoprotein of the virus. The amino acid sequence predicted for this protein shows it to be homologous to the EB2 transcriptional effector encoded by the BMLF1 open reading frame of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), the IE 68-kDa protein of herpes simplex virus (HSV). By measuring the function of the HSV 52-kDa-protein gene in transient expression assays, we also showed that it can substitute with comparable efficiency for the EB2 product of EBV in the EB1-dependent activation of the EBV DR promoter. The α27 gene of HSV was an inefficient trans-activator in similar assays. We conclude that the IE 52-kDa protein of HVS is structurally and functionally more similar to the homologous protein of the human lymphotropic virus, EBV, than to the corresponding proteins from the neurotropic viruses, varicella-zoster virus and HSV.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Insect Science