Consequences of preoperative cholangitis and its treatment on the outcome of operation for choledocholithiasis

Henry A. Pitt, Russel G. Postier, John L. Cameron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

During a 30-month period 73 patients underwent operation for choledocholithiasis. Thirty-three of these patients (45%) had cholangitis preoperatively. When compared to patients with common duct stones who had no preoperative cholangitis, patients with cholangitis were older (P < 0.001), more likely to present with jaundice (P < 0.01) and leukocytosis (P < 0.01), and more likely to have retained or primary common duct stones (P < 0.01). Cholangitis patients were also more likely to have bactibilia (P < 0.025), and anaerobes were isolated from the bile of 27% of these patients (P < 0.01). Twenty-nine of 33 cholangitis patients (88%) received a minimum of 4 days of broad-spectrum antibiotics including an aminoglycoside prior to operation (P < 0.01). Despite these clear differences, patients with preoperative cholangitis were not more likely to develop infective sequelae or biliary complications. However, cholangitis patients were much more likely (P < 0.001) to develop an increase in serum creatinine (33% versus 3%) which, in turn, contributed to a longer (P < 0.01) postoperative hospitalization. Since therapy with aminoglycosides may have contributed to postoperative morbidity and prolonged hospital stay, aminoglycosides should be reserved only for patients with the most severe cholangitis and should be used with great caution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)447-452
Number of pages6
JournalSurgery
Volume94
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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