Consensus paper: Language and the cerebellum: An ongoing enigma

Peter Mariën, Herman Ackermann, Michael Adamaszek, Caroline H.S. Barwood, Alan Beaton, John Desmond, Elke De Witte, Angela J. Fawcett, Ingo Hertrich, Michael Küper, Maria Leggio, Cherie Marvel, Marco Molinari, Bruce E. Murdoch, Roderick I. Nicolson, Jeremy D. Schmahmann, Catherine J. Stoodley, Markus Thürling, Dagmar Timmann, Ellen WoutersWolfram Ziegler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In less than three decades, the concept "cerebellar neurocognition" has evolved from a mere afterthought to an entirely new and multifaceted area of neuroscientific research. A close interplay between three main strands of contemporary neuroscience induced a substantial modification of the traditional view of the cerebellum as a mere coordinator of autonomic and somatic motor functions. Indeed, the wealth of current evidence derived from detailed neuroanatomical investigations, functional neuroimaging studies with healthy subjects and patients and in-depth neuropsychological assessment of patients with cerebellar disorders shows that the cerebellum has a cardinal role to play in affective regulation, cognitive processing, and linguistic function. Although considerable progress has been made in models of cerebellar function, controversy remains regarding the exact role of the "linguistic cerebellum" in a broad variety of nonmotor language processes. This consensus paper brings together a range of different viewpoints and opinions regarding the contribution of the cerebellum to language function. Recent developments and insights in the nonmotor modulatory role of the cerebellum in language and some related disorders will be discussed. The role of the cerebellum in speech and language perception, in motor speech planning including apraxia of speech, in verbal working memory, in phonological and semantic verbal fluency, in syntax processing, in the dynamics of language production, in reading and in writing will be addressed. In addition, the functional topography of the linguistic cerebellum and the contribution of the deep nuclei to linguistic function will be briefly discussed. As such, a framework for debate and discussion will be offered in this consensus paper.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)386-410
Number of pages25
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2014


  • Agraphia
  • Aphasia
  • Apraxia of speech
  • Cerebellum
  • Dyslexia
  • Functional topography
  • Imaging
  • Language
  • Phonology
  • Semantics
  • Speech
  • Speech perception
  • Syntax
  • Verbal fluency
  • Working memory
  • fMRI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


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