Consensus conference on clinical practice in chronic GVHD: Second-line treatment of chronic graft-versus-host disease

Daniel Wolff, Michael Schleuning, Stephanie von Harsdorf, Ulrike Bacher, Armin Gerbitz, Michael Stadler, Francis Ayuk, Alexander Kiani, Rainer Schwerdtfeger, Georgia B. Vogelsang, Guido Kobbe, Martin Gramatzki, Anita Lawitschka, Mohamad Mohty, Steven Z. Pavletic, Hildegard Greinix, Ernst Holler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Steroid refractory chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) is associated with a significant morbidity and mortality. Although first-line treatment of cGVHD is based on controlled trials, second-line treatment is almost solely based on phase II trials or retrospective analyses. The consensus conference on clinical practice in cGVHD held in Regensburg aimed to achieve a consensus on the current evidence of treatment options as well as to provide guidelines for daily clinical practice. Treatment modalities are the use of steroids and calcineurin inhibitors as well as immunomodulating modalities (photopheresis, mTOR-inhibitors, thalidomide, hydroxychloroquine, vitamin A analogs, clofazimine), and cytostatic agents (mycophenolate mofetil, methotrexate, cyclophosphamide, pentostatin). Recent reports showed some efficacy of rituximab, alemtuzumab, and etanercept in selected patients. Moreover, tyrosine kinase inihibitors such as imatinib came into the field because of their ability to interfere with the platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF-R) pathway involved in fibrosis. An other treatment option is low-dose thoracoabdominal irradiation. Although different treatment options are available, the "trial-and-error system" remains the only way to identify the drug effective in the individual patient, and valid biomarkers are eagerly needed to identify the likelihood of response to a drug in advance. Moreover, the sparse evidence for most treatment entities indicates the urgent need for systematic evaluation of second-line treatment options in cGVHD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalBiology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2011

Keywords

  • Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
  • Bone marrow transplantation
  • Chronic GVHD
  • Immunosuppressive therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Transplantation

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