Congenital hepatic fibrosis and portal hypertension in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease

Kevin O'Brien, Esperanza Font-Montgomery, Linda Lukose, Joy Bryant, Katie Piwnica-Worms, Hailey Edwards, Lauren Riney, Angelica Garcia, Kailash Daryanani, Peter Choyke, Parvathi Mohan, Theo Heller, William A. Gahl, Meral Gunay-Aygun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Autosomal dominant (ADPKD) and recessive (ARPKD) polycystic kidney diseases are the most common hepatorenal fibrocystic diseases (ciliopathies). Characteristics of liver disease of these disorders are quite different. All of the patients with ARPKD have congenital hepatic fibrosis (CHF) often complicated by portal hypertension. In contrast, typical liver involvement in ADPKD is polycystic liver disease, although rare atypical cases with CHF are reported. Our goal was to describe the characteristics of CHF in ADPKD. Patients and Methods: As a part of an intramural study of the National Institutes of Health on ciliopathies (www.clinicaltrials.gov, trial NCT00068224), we evaluated 8 patients from 3 ADPKD families with CHF. We present their clinical, biochemical, imaging, and PKD1 and PKHD1 sequencing results. In addition, we tabulate the characteristics of 15 previously reported patients with ADPKD-CHF from 11 families. RESULTS:: In all of the 19 patients with ADPKD-CHF (9 boys, 10 girls), portal hypertension was the main manifestation of CHF; hepatocelllular function was preserved and liver enzymes were largely normal. In all of the 14 families, CHF was not inherited vertically, that is the parents of the index cases had PKD but did not have CHF-suggesting modifier gene(s). Our 3 families had pathogenic mutations in PKD1; sequencing of the PKHD1 gene as a potential modifier did not reveal any mutations. Conclusions: Characteristics of CHF in ADPKD are similar to CHF in ARPKD. ADPKD-CHF is caused by PKD1 mutations, with probable contribution from modifying gene(s). Given that both boys and girls are affected, these modifier(s) are likely located on autosomal chromosome(s) and less likely X-linked.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)83-89
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition
Volume54
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease
  • autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease
  • congenital hepatic fibrosis
  • polycystic liver disease
  • portal hypertension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Gastroenterology

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