Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia and Protective Ventilation Strategies in Pediatric Surgery

Alejandro Garcia, Charles J.H. Stolar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Infants affected with congenital diaphragmatic hernias (CDH) suffer from some degree of respiratory insufficiency arising from a combination of pulmonary hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension. Respiratory care strategies to optimize blood gasses lead to significant barotrauma, increased morbidity, and overuse of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Newer permissive hypercapnia/spontaneous ventilation protocols geared to accept moderate hypercapnia at lower peak airway pressures have led to improved outcomes. High-frequency oscillatory ventilation can be used in infants who continue to have persistent respiratory distress despite conventional ventilation. ECMO can be used successfully as a resuscitative strategy to minimize further barotrauma in carefully selected patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)659-668
Number of pages10
JournalSurgical Clinics of North America
Volume92
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Congenital diaphragmatic hernia
  • ECMO
  • Lung protective ventilation
  • Neonate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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