Confounding diagnoses in the neurodevelopmental disabilities population: a child with hearing loss, absence epilepsy, and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Eboni I. Lance, Bruce K. Shapiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We report the case of a school-age child with a history of hearing loss presenting with staring spells. Electroencephalography (EEG) revealed a pattern consistent with absence epilepsy, and the patient was started on antiepileptic medication with decreased frequency of staring spells but he then continued to have behavioral issues. The patient was diagnosed subsequently with combined-type attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and started on stimulant medication with subsequent improvement in attention and school performance. Multiple confounding diagnoses are common in children with neurodevelopmental disabilities, and comprehensive evaluation is required for appropriate management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)645-647
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Child Neurology
Volume28
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2013
Externally publishedYes

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Absence Epilepsy
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Hearing Loss
Disability Evaluation
Disabled Children
Anticonvulsants
Electroencephalography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

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