A series of conformationally constrained peptides were designed and synthesized as the Src SH2 domain ligands based on a tetrapeptide sequence pTyr-Glu-Glu-Ile (pYEEI). In general, the constrained peptides such as compounds 6, 7, and 11 (IC50 = 1.1-1.5 μM) showed higher binding affinities to the Src SH2 domain relative to the corresponding linear peptides 8a, 9a, and 13a, respectively (IC50 > 100 μM), and PYEEI (IC50 = 6.5 μM), as evaluated by a fluorescence polarization assay. Molecular modeling studies revealed that in constrained peptides, the isoleucine side chain penetrates very deeply into the hydrophobic binding pocket (P + 3 site) of the Src SH2 domain. These constrained peptides can serve as novel templates for the design of small and nonpeptidic inhibitors of the Src SH2 domain.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry