Condom Use During Commercial Sex Among Male Clients of Female Sex Workers in Sichuan China: A Social Cognitive Theory Analysis

Yi Yang, Cui Yang, Carl A. Latkin, Rongsheng Luan, Kenrad E. Nelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

There has been little theory-based research focusing on condom use among male clients of female sex workers (CFSW) in China. The current study applied social cognitive theory to condom use behaviors of CFSW in China. Face-to-face structured interviews were conducted among 584 CFSW recruited through snowball sampling. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression models were applied to examine factors associated with consistent condom use. A minority (30.65 %) of respondents reported using condoms consistently with FSW, and 7 of 12 social cognitive dimensions/subdimensions were found to be significantly influential. The most significant factors were self-efficacy [adjusted prevalence ratio (APR) = 2.11, 95 %, CI = 1.74–2.43] and personal pleasure reduction (APR = 0.3, 95 % CI = 0.15–0.6). HIV-related knowledge, perceived HIV susceptibility, condom cost, condom efficacy, and embarrassment of carrying condoms were not associated with consistent condom uses with FSW. Findings from the current study suggest future prevention programs should target sex venues, and condom access should ensure both quantity and quality. Peer education should focus on knowledge education and peer norms, and knowledge education should include information on HIV infection severity and how to increase pleasure with condom use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2309-2317
Number of pages9
JournalAIDS and behavior
Volume20
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016

Keywords

  • China
  • Commercial sex
  • Condom use
  • HIV
  • Male clients
  • Social cognitive theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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