Conditioned gustatory avoidance of sweetened condensed milk was induced in rats by drugs which differentially affect the cholinergic nervous system. After baseline water intake during a 15 minute daily session was established, sweetened condensed milk was presented in place of water, followed 15 minutes later by an IP injection of saline, physostigmine (0.5 mg/kg), atropine (25 mg/kg) or mecamylamine (25 mg/kg). Three presentations of milk were given, alternating daily with a water presentation. Atropine, a muscarinic blocker, and mecamylamine, a nicotinic blocker, both produced a strong avoidance. Physostigmine, an indirect agonist, produced a less pronounced avoidance at the dose employed. This study indicates that cholinergic agonists and antagonists are capable of inducing conditioned gustatory avoidance.
- Conditioned gustatory avoidance
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biological Psychiatry
- Behavioral Neuroscience