Determinantes contemporâneos da pressão arterial em adolescentes: A visita de 11 anos da coorte de nascimentos de Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, 1993

Translated title of the contribution: Concurrent determinants of blood pressure among adolescents: The 11-year follow-up of the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) birth cohort study

Ana M B Menezes, Pedro C. Hallal, Cora Luiza Araújo, Fernando C. Barros, Cesar G. Victora

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate concurrent risk factors for high blood pressure in adolescents. This is a prospective cohort study including 4,452 adolescents born in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, in 1993. Blood pressure was measured before and after the interview, and the mean value was used in the analyses. Mean systolic blood pressure was 101.9mmHg (SD = 12.3) and mean diastolic pressure was 63.4mmHg (SD = 9.9). Adolescents with black skin had higher blood pressure than those with white skin. Mean systolic pressure among subjects in the top quartile of body mass index (BMI) was 11.6mmHg higher than among those in the lowest quartile. Mean systolic pressure among postmenarcheal girls was 5.4mmHg higher than among premenarcheal girls. Similar trends were found for diastolic arterial pressure. Our findings suggest that blood pressure control must begin already in childhood and adolescence.

Translated title of the contributionConcurrent determinants of blood pressure among adolescents: The 11-year follow-up of the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) birth cohort study
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)1972-1979
Number of pages8
JournalCadernos de saúde pública / Ministério da Saúde, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública.
Volume26
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Blood pressure
  • Cohort studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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