Concurrent and long-term impact of intimate partner violence on employment stability

Sarah Shea Crowne, Hee Soon Juon, Margaret Ensminger, Lori D Burrell, Elizabeth C McFarlane, Anne K Duggan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Previous research suggests that experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) may negatively affect employment outcomes. This study explores the relationship between IPV and employment stability both concurrently and longitudinally among a sample of 512 predominantly Asian American and Pacific Islander young women living in Hawaii. Women in this study were identified as being at risk of child maltreatment. About half of women indicated that their current relationship status was married or living together. More than two-thirds of women had graduated from high school and half had worked in the past year. The study explored the concurrent association of IPV and employment by assessing them simultaneously over a 12 month time period. The study examined the longitudinal impact of IPV by analyzing violence at two time points as predictors of unstable employment 6 to 8 years later. The study also explored the mediating effects of depression. Study results demonstrated both concurrent and longitudinal negative associations of IPV with employment stability. Women who experienced violence were more likely to be experiencing unstable employment concurrently. Women who experienced IPV at one point in time had lower levels of employment stability six years later. This decrease was partially mediated by experiencing depressive symptoms. Women who identified their primary ethnicity as Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander were much more likely to experience unstable employment than Asian American women. More research is needed to explore the roles of mental health, race and ethnicity, and types of violence in the relationship between IPV and employment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1282-1304
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Interpersonal Violence
Volume26
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2011

Fingerprint

Violence
Asian Americans
Oceanic Ancestry Group
Depression
Intimate Partner Violence
Child Abuse
Research
Longitudinal Studies
Mental Health
Cohort Studies

Keywords

  • battered women
  • domestic violence
  • domestic violence and cultural contexts
  • mental health and violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

Concurrent and long-term impact of intimate partner violence on employment stability. / Crowne, Sarah Shea; Juon, Hee Soon; Ensminger, Margaret; Burrell, Lori D; McFarlane, Elizabeth C; Duggan, Anne K.

In: Journal of Interpersonal Violence, Vol. 26, No. 6, 04.2011, p. 1282-1304.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{62ccac41761944b7a3eb9ed507078f5a,
title = "Concurrent and long-term impact of intimate partner violence on employment stability",
abstract = "Previous research suggests that experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) may negatively affect employment outcomes. This study explores the relationship between IPV and employment stability both concurrently and longitudinally among a sample of 512 predominantly Asian American and Pacific Islander young women living in Hawaii. Women in this study were identified as being at risk of child maltreatment. About half of women indicated that their current relationship status was married or living together. More than two-thirds of women had graduated from high school and half had worked in the past year. The study explored the concurrent association of IPV and employment by assessing them simultaneously over a 12 month time period. The study examined the longitudinal impact of IPV by analyzing violence at two time points as predictors of unstable employment 6 to 8 years later. The study also explored the mediating effects of depression. Study results demonstrated both concurrent and longitudinal negative associations of IPV with employment stability. Women who experienced violence were more likely to be experiencing unstable employment concurrently. Women who experienced IPV at one point in time had lower levels of employment stability six years later. This decrease was partially mediated by experiencing depressive symptoms. Women who identified their primary ethnicity as Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander were much more likely to experience unstable employment than Asian American women. More research is needed to explore the roles of mental health, race and ethnicity, and types of violence in the relationship between IPV and employment.",
keywords = "battered women, domestic violence, domestic violence and cultural contexts, mental health and violence",
author = "Crowne, {Sarah Shea} and Juon, {Hee Soon} and Margaret Ensminger and Burrell, {Lori D} and McFarlane, {Elizabeth C} and Duggan, {Anne K}",
year = "2011",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1177/0886260510368160",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "26",
pages = "1282--1304",
journal = "Journal of Interpersonal Violence",
issn = "0886-2605",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Concurrent and long-term impact of intimate partner violence on employment stability

AU - Crowne, Sarah Shea

AU - Juon, Hee Soon

AU - Ensminger, Margaret

AU - Burrell, Lori D

AU - McFarlane, Elizabeth C

AU - Duggan, Anne K

PY - 2011/4

Y1 - 2011/4

N2 - Previous research suggests that experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) may negatively affect employment outcomes. This study explores the relationship between IPV and employment stability both concurrently and longitudinally among a sample of 512 predominantly Asian American and Pacific Islander young women living in Hawaii. Women in this study were identified as being at risk of child maltreatment. About half of women indicated that their current relationship status was married or living together. More than two-thirds of women had graduated from high school and half had worked in the past year. The study explored the concurrent association of IPV and employment by assessing them simultaneously over a 12 month time period. The study examined the longitudinal impact of IPV by analyzing violence at two time points as predictors of unstable employment 6 to 8 years later. The study also explored the mediating effects of depression. Study results demonstrated both concurrent and longitudinal negative associations of IPV with employment stability. Women who experienced violence were more likely to be experiencing unstable employment concurrently. Women who experienced IPV at one point in time had lower levels of employment stability six years later. This decrease was partially mediated by experiencing depressive symptoms. Women who identified their primary ethnicity as Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander were much more likely to experience unstable employment than Asian American women. More research is needed to explore the roles of mental health, race and ethnicity, and types of violence in the relationship between IPV and employment.

AB - Previous research suggests that experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) may negatively affect employment outcomes. This study explores the relationship between IPV and employment stability both concurrently and longitudinally among a sample of 512 predominantly Asian American and Pacific Islander young women living in Hawaii. Women in this study were identified as being at risk of child maltreatment. About half of women indicated that their current relationship status was married or living together. More than two-thirds of women had graduated from high school and half had worked in the past year. The study explored the concurrent association of IPV and employment by assessing them simultaneously over a 12 month time period. The study examined the longitudinal impact of IPV by analyzing violence at two time points as predictors of unstable employment 6 to 8 years later. The study also explored the mediating effects of depression. Study results demonstrated both concurrent and longitudinal negative associations of IPV with employment stability. Women who experienced violence were more likely to be experiencing unstable employment concurrently. Women who experienced IPV at one point in time had lower levels of employment stability six years later. This decrease was partially mediated by experiencing depressive symptoms. Women who identified their primary ethnicity as Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander were much more likely to experience unstable employment than Asian American women. More research is needed to explore the roles of mental health, race and ethnicity, and types of violence in the relationship between IPV and employment.

KW - battered women

KW - domestic violence

KW - domestic violence and cultural contexts

KW - mental health and violence

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79954478531&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79954478531&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0886260510368160

DO - 10.1177/0886260510368160

M3 - Article

C2 - 20587457

AN - SCOPUS:79954478531

VL - 26

SP - 1282

EP - 1304

JO - Journal of Interpersonal Violence

JF - Journal of Interpersonal Violence

SN - 0886-2605

IS - 6

ER -