Concordance of penile and oral human papillomavirus infections among men in the United States

Eshan U. Patel, Anne F. Rositch, Patti E. Gravitt, Aaron A.R. Tobian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study examined the concordance of penile and oral human papillomavirus (HPV) infections in the United States. A total of 1683 men aged 18–59 years who participated in the 2013–2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and had results of oral and penile HPV DNA testing were examined. The prevalence of any HPV genotype was 45.3% on the penis, 11.2% in the oral cavity, and 8.8% at both sites. The prevalence of HPV in the oral cavity was higher among those with than among those without penile HPV infection (19.3% vs 4.4%; prevalence ratio, 4.37 [95% confidence interval, 2.66–7.16]). The prevalence of ≥1 genotype-concordant HPV infection was 3.2% and was associated with sexual behavior, independent of demographic characteristics and smoking status. Sexual behavior may partly explain the observed association between penile and oral HPV infections.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1207-1211
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2017


  • Concordance
  • Genotype
  • HPV
  • Human papillomavirus
  • Oral
  • Penile

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

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