Concordance of DNA methylation profiles between breast core biopsy and surgical excision specimens containing ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS)

Youdinghuan Chen, Jonathan D. Marotti, Erik G. Jenson, Tracy L. Onega, Kevin C. Johnson, Brock C. Christensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The utility and reliability of assessing molecular biomarkers for translational applications on pre-operative core biopsy specimens assume consistency of molecular profiles with larger surgical specimens. Whether DNA methylation in ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), measured in core biopsy and surgical specimens are similar, remains unclear. Here, we compared genome-scale DNA methylation measured in matched core biopsy and surgical specimens from DCIS, including specific DNA methylation biomarkers of subsequent invasive cancer. DNA was extracted from guided 2 mm cores of formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) specimens, bisulfite-modified, and measured on the Illumina HumanMethylation450 BeadChip. DNA methylation profiles of core biopsies exhibited high concordance with matched surgical specimens. Within-subject variability in DNA methylation was significantly lower than between-subject variability (all P < 2.20E − 16). In 641 CpGs whose methylation was related with increased hazard of invasive breast cancer, lower within-subject than between-subject variability was observed in 92.3% of the study participants (P < 0.05). Between patient-matched core biopsy and surgical specimens, < 0.6% of CpGs measured had changes in median DNA methylation > 15%, and a pathway analysis of these CpGs indicated enrichment for genes related with wound healing. Our results indicate that DNA methylation measured in core biopsies are representative of the matched surgical specimens and suggest that DCIS biomarkers measured in core biopsies can inform clinical decision-making.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)78-83
Number of pages6
JournalExperimental and Molecular Pathology
Volume103
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2017

Keywords

  • DCIS core biopsies
  • DNA methylation
  • Epigenetic biomarkers
  • Illumina 450k

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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