Concordance Between Self-Report and Performance-Based Measures of Everyday Functioning in HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorders

Talia N. Shirazi, Angela C. Summers, Bryan R. Smith, Sally R. Steinbach, Suad Kapetanovic, Avindra Nath, Joseph Snow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Self-report is typically used to differentiate between asymptomatic neurocognitive impairment (ANI) and mild neurocognitive disorder (MND) in the assessment of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND). Yet, it is unclear whether the lack of self-reported functional impairments in individuals with ANI is indicative of a genuine absence of functional impairment, or of inaccurate self-reports. In the present study, we examined the relationship between previously validated self-report (patient’s assessment of own functioning inventory; instrumental activities of daily living inventory) and performance-based (the Texas Functional Living Scale) measures of functional abilities in 112 virologically-controlled HIV-infected, and 40 well-matched, HIV-uninfected participants. Participants with symptomatic cognitive impairment (CI) had significantly lower overall scores and higher rates of impairment on a performance-based measure of everyday functioning as compared to participants with either asymptomatic CI or normal cognitive performance (WNL [within normal limits]; all p < 0.05), while asymptomatic CI and WNL participants had comparable rates of impairment and performance within the average range on the performance-based measure. The concordance between self-report and performance-based measures of everyday functioning in asymptomatic and symptomatic CI provide support for ANI and MND as clinically distinct diagnostic entities, and support the use of self-reports as appropriate measures of everyday functioning in the diagnosis of HAND.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalAIDS and Behavior
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 20 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Everyday functioning
  • HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders
  • Instrumental activities of daily living
  • Self-reports
  • Texas Functional Living Scale

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Concordance Between Self-Report and Performance-Based Measures of Everyday Functioning in HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorders'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Shirazi, T. N., Summers, A. C., Smith, B. R., Steinbach, S. R., Kapetanovic, S., Nath, A., & Snow, J. (Accepted/In press). Concordance Between Self-Report and Performance-Based Measures of Everyday Functioning in HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorders. AIDS and Behavior, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-017-1689-6