Concentrations of individual fine particulate matter components in the USA around July 4th

Aisha Dickerson, Adam F. Benson, Barbara Buckley, Elizabeth A.W. Chan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Fireworks emit particulate matter (PM) air pollution. Laboratory and epidemiologic studies have linked exposure to PM with cardiovascular and respiratory effects. Although it was reported that the mass of total PM with a nominal mean aerodynamic diameter less than or equal to 2.5 μm (PM2.5) is elevated on July 4th and 5th, no studies to date have used national, multi-year air quality monitoring data to determine which individual PM2.5 components increase due to July 4th fireworks. To evaluate this, we compiled and analyzed 24-h average PM2.5 air quality measurements collected by the Environmental Protection Agency’s Chemical Speciation Network monitors positioned at 379 urban sites across the USA over the years 2000 to 2014. By combining all individual daily mean PM2.5 concentrations recorded and viewing the arithmetic mean concentrations over time, we observed sharp and statistically significant increases in the concentrations of the firework-related chemicals barium, chlorine, copper, magnesium, potassium, and strontium on July 4th, which persisted through July 5th. There were also modest, but still statistically significant, increases of the concentrations of the firework-related components aluminum, arsenic, antimony, chromium, phosphorous, sulfur, titanium, and zinc on July 4th. Concentrations of elemental and organic carbon, calcium, cesium, iron, nickel, and sodium did not significantly increase on July 4th. These findings provide important information about changes in ambient air quality around Independence Day in the USA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)349-358
Number of pages10
JournalAir Quality, Atmosphere and Health
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Particulate Matter
Air quality
particulate matter
Air
air quality
Chemical speciation
Antimony
Cesium
Strontium
speciation (chemistry)
cesium
Chlorine
urban site
Air Pollution
antimony
Conservation of Natural Resources
Arsenic
Chromium
barium
Barium

Keywords

  • Air pollution
  • Ambient air quality
  • Fine particulate matter
  • Fireworks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Concentrations of individual fine particulate matter components in the USA around July 4th. / Dickerson, Aisha; Benson, Adam F.; Buckley, Barbara; Chan, Elizabeth A.W.

In: Air Quality, Atmosphere and Health, Vol. 10, No. 3, 01.04.2017, p. 349-358.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dickerson, Aisha ; Benson, Adam F. ; Buckley, Barbara ; Chan, Elizabeth A.W. / Concentrations of individual fine particulate matter components in the USA around July 4th. In: Air Quality, Atmosphere and Health. 2017 ; Vol. 10, No. 3. pp. 349-358.
@article{d5c86a8163944580b4d48c0253623534,
title = "Concentrations of individual fine particulate matter components in the USA around July 4th",
abstract = "Fireworks emit particulate matter (PM) air pollution. Laboratory and epidemiologic studies have linked exposure to PM with cardiovascular and respiratory effects. Although it was reported that the mass of total PM with a nominal mean aerodynamic diameter less than or equal to 2.5 μm (PM2.5) is elevated on July 4th and 5th, no studies to date have used national, multi-year air quality monitoring data to determine which individual PM2.5 components increase due to July 4th fireworks. To evaluate this, we compiled and analyzed 24-h average PM2.5 air quality measurements collected by the Environmental Protection Agency’s Chemical Speciation Network monitors positioned at 379 urban sites across the USA over the years 2000 to 2014. By combining all individual daily mean PM2.5 concentrations recorded and viewing the arithmetic mean concentrations over time, we observed sharp and statistically significant increases in the concentrations of the firework-related chemicals barium, chlorine, copper, magnesium, potassium, and strontium on July 4th, which persisted through July 5th. There were also modest, but still statistically significant, increases of the concentrations of the firework-related components aluminum, arsenic, antimony, chromium, phosphorous, sulfur, titanium, and zinc on July 4th. Concentrations of elemental and organic carbon, calcium, cesium, iron, nickel, and sodium did not significantly increase on July 4th. These findings provide important information about changes in ambient air quality around Independence Day in the USA.",
keywords = "Air pollution, Ambient air quality, Fine particulate matter, Fireworks",
author = "Aisha Dickerson and Benson, {Adam F.} and Barbara Buckley and Chan, {Elizabeth A.W.}",
year = "2017",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s11869-016-0433-0",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "10",
pages = "349--358",
journal = "Air Quality, Atmosphere and Health",
issn = "1873-9318",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Concentrations of individual fine particulate matter components in the USA around July 4th

AU - Dickerson, Aisha

AU - Benson, Adam F.

AU - Buckley, Barbara

AU - Chan, Elizabeth A.W.

PY - 2017/4/1

Y1 - 2017/4/1

N2 - Fireworks emit particulate matter (PM) air pollution. Laboratory and epidemiologic studies have linked exposure to PM with cardiovascular and respiratory effects. Although it was reported that the mass of total PM with a nominal mean aerodynamic diameter less than or equal to 2.5 μm (PM2.5) is elevated on July 4th and 5th, no studies to date have used national, multi-year air quality monitoring data to determine which individual PM2.5 components increase due to July 4th fireworks. To evaluate this, we compiled and analyzed 24-h average PM2.5 air quality measurements collected by the Environmental Protection Agency’s Chemical Speciation Network monitors positioned at 379 urban sites across the USA over the years 2000 to 2014. By combining all individual daily mean PM2.5 concentrations recorded and viewing the arithmetic mean concentrations over time, we observed sharp and statistically significant increases in the concentrations of the firework-related chemicals barium, chlorine, copper, magnesium, potassium, and strontium on July 4th, which persisted through July 5th. There were also modest, but still statistically significant, increases of the concentrations of the firework-related components aluminum, arsenic, antimony, chromium, phosphorous, sulfur, titanium, and zinc on July 4th. Concentrations of elemental and organic carbon, calcium, cesium, iron, nickel, and sodium did not significantly increase on July 4th. These findings provide important information about changes in ambient air quality around Independence Day in the USA.

AB - Fireworks emit particulate matter (PM) air pollution. Laboratory and epidemiologic studies have linked exposure to PM with cardiovascular and respiratory effects. Although it was reported that the mass of total PM with a nominal mean aerodynamic diameter less than or equal to 2.5 μm (PM2.5) is elevated on July 4th and 5th, no studies to date have used national, multi-year air quality monitoring data to determine which individual PM2.5 components increase due to July 4th fireworks. To evaluate this, we compiled and analyzed 24-h average PM2.5 air quality measurements collected by the Environmental Protection Agency’s Chemical Speciation Network monitors positioned at 379 urban sites across the USA over the years 2000 to 2014. By combining all individual daily mean PM2.5 concentrations recorded and viewing the arithmetic mean concentrations over time, we observed sharp and statistically significant increases in the concentrations of the firework-related chemicals barium, chlorine, copper, magnesium, potassium, and strontium on July 4th, which persisted through July 5th. There were also modest, but still statistically significant, increases of the concentrations of the firework-related components aluminum, arsenic, antimony, chromium, phosphorous, sulfur, titanium, and zinc on July 4th. Concentrations of elemental and organic carbon, calcium, cesium, iron, nickel, and sodium did not significantly increase on July 4th. These findings provide important information about changes in ambient air quality around Independence Day in the USA.

KW - Air pollution

KW - Ambient air quality

KW - Fine particulate matter

KW - Fireworks

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84988346672&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84988346672&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11869-016-0433-0

DO - 10.1007/s11869-016-0433-0

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84988346672

VL - 10

SP - 349

EP - 358

JO - Air Quality, Atmosphere and Health

JF - Air Quality, Atmosphere and Health

SN - 1873-9318

IS - 3

ER -