Comprehensive pharmacogenetic analysis of irinotecan neutropenia and pharmacokinetics

Federico Innocenti, Deanna L. Kroetz, Erin Schuetz, M. Eileen Dolan, Jacqueline Ramírez, Mary Relling, Peixian Chen, Soma Das, Gary L. Rosner, Mark J. Ratain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: We aim to identify genetic variation, in addition to the UGT1A1*28 polymorphism, that can explain the variability in irinotecan (CPT-11) pharmacokinetics and neutropenia in cancer patients. Patients and Methods: Pharmacokinetic, genetic, and clinical data were obtained from 85 advanced cancer patients treated with single-agent CPT-11 every 3 weeks at doses of 300 mg/m2 (n = 20) and 350 mg/m2 (n = 65). Forty-two common variants were genotyped in 12 candidate genes of the CPT-11 pathway using several methodologies. Univariate and multivariate models of absolute neutrophil count (ANC) nadir and pharmacokinetic parameters were evaluated. Results: Almost 50% of the variation in ANC nadir is explained by UGT1A1*93, ABCC1 IVS11 -48C>T, SLCO1B1*1b, ANC baseline levels, sex, and race (P < .0001). More than 40% of the variation in CPT-11 area under the curve (AUC) is explained by ABCC2 -24C>T, SLCO1B1*5, HNF1A 79A>C, age, and CPT-11 dose (P < .0001). Almost 30% of the variability in SN-38 (the active metabolite of CPT-11) AUC is explained by ABCC1 1684T>C, ABCB1 IVS9 -44A>G, and UGT1A1*93 (P = .004). Other models explained 17%, 23%, and 27% of the variation in APC (a metabolite of CPT-11), SN-38 glucuronide (SN-38G), and SN-38G/SN-38 AUCs, respectively. When tested in univariate models, pretreatment total bilirubin was able to modify the existing associations between genotypes and phenotypes. Conclusion: On the basis of this exploratory analysis, common polymorphisms in genes encoding for ABC and SLC transporters may have a significant impact on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of CPT-11. Confirmatory studies are required.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2604-2614
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume27
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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