Comprehensive adolescent health programs that include sexual and reproductive health services: A systematic review

Anna Kågesten, Jenita Parekh, Özge Tunçalp, Shani Turke, Robert William Blum

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

We systematically reviewed peer-reviewed and gray literature on comprehensive adolescent health (CAH) programs (1998-2013), including sexual and reproductive health services. We screened 36 119 records and extracted articles using predefined criteria. We synthesized data into descriptive characteristics and assessed quality by evidence level. We extracted data on 46 programs, of which 19 were defined as comprehensive. Tenmet all inclusioncriteria. Most were US based; others were implemented in Egypt, Ethiopia, and Mexico. Three programs displayed rigorous evidence; 5 had strong and 2 had modest evidence. Thosewith rigorous or strong evidence directly or indirectly influenced adolescent sexual and reproductive health. The long-term impact of manyCAHprograms cannot be proven because of insufficient evaluations. Evaluation approaches that take into account the complex operating conditions of many programs are needed to better understand mechanisms behind program effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e23-e36
JournalAmerican journal of public health
Volume104
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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