Complications of Uveitis: The Northern California Epidemiology of Uveitis Study

David Gritz, Eric J. Schwaber, Ira G. Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To describe the uveitis complications in a large, community-based cohort. Methods: Retrospective, community-based, cross-sectional cohort study analyzing complications and associations with complications. Results: A total of 844 cases of uveitis were found; 342 were new-onset, and 462 were prior-onset. In total, 29.5% of patients were affected by one or more complications associated with age, gender, course, and anatomic location of uveitis. Visual loss was experienced by 19.1% of patients and was associated with age, course of disease, and anatomic location of uveitis. Of the patients who developed glaucoma or elevated intraocular pressure over 30 mmHg, 3.9% (n = 33) were related solely to uveitis; 5.2% (n = 44) had an unclear or combined mechanism; and 1.8% (n = 15) were related solely to steroid response. Cystoid macular edema was associated with course of disease and anatomic location of uveitis. Conclusions: Complications affect a significant portion of uveitis patients, and are often associated with demographic and clinical factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalOcular Immunology and Inflammation
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 23 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Complications
  • epidemiology
  • glaucoma
  • steroid-response
  • uveitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Ophthalmology

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