Complications of endovascular aneurysm repair

Babak J. Orandi, James Hamilton Black

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) offers shorter hospitalizations and improved short-term morbidity and mortality rates than traditional open surgical repair (OSR), particularly in the elderly. EVAR does have a number of known complications, some that are particular to the endovascular approach and some that are shared with OSR, especially in a patient population frequently afflicted with a heavy comorbidity burden. These complications encompass the entire spectrum, from transient, minor problems to those that threaten life and limb. This chapter discusses endoleak, a complication unique to endovascular aneurysm repair, which is defined as persistent blood entry into the aneurysm sac following EVAR. Endoleaks are classified into five categories, types I through IV and endotension; the category aids in determining the appropriate treatment and its urgency. Other complications include graft occlusion, ischemic complications, postoperative renal insufficiency and renal artery occlusion, late rupture, and infectious complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEndovascular and Hybrid Therapies for Structural Heart and Aortic Disease
PublisherWiley Blackwell
Pages90-101
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9781118504536
ISBN (Print)9780470656396
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 2013

Keywords

  • Endoleak
  • Endovascular aneurysm repair
  • Graft occlusion
  • Infectious complications
  • Ischemic complications
  • Late rupture
  • Postoperative renal insufficiency
  • Renal artery occlusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Orandi, B. J., & Black, J. H. (2013). Complications of endovascular aneurysm repair. In Endovascular and Hybrid Therapies for Structural Heart and Aortic Disease (pp. 90-101). Wiley Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118504536.ch9