Complications of Complex Lower Urinary Tract Reconstruction in Patients With Neurogenic Versus Nonneurogenic Bladder-Is There a Difference?

Thomas E. Novak, Amirali Hassanzadeh Salmasi, Ranjiv I. Mathews, Yegappan Lakshmanan, John P. Gearhart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: The complications of lower urinary tract reconstruction have been well documented in children with neurogenic bladders. While most series include small numbers of nonneurogenic diagnoses, this group is typically underrepresented. Despite a number of fundamental anatomical and functional differences, a direct comparison of surgical complications of lower urinary tract reconstruction in patients with neurogenic vs nonneurogenic bladders has not been performed. Materials and Methods: We identified patients undergoing lower urinary tract reconstruction incorporating enterocystoplasty from 1996 to 2006. We performed a retrospective review of operative notes and medical records of patients who met inclusion criteria. Patients were divided into a neurogenic group and a nonneurogenic group based on the underlying diagnosis. The 2 groups were compared with respect to demographics, historical data, operative techniques, perioperative morbidity, long-term complications and need for surgical revision. Results: Of the 127 patients who met inclusion criteria 72 were assigned to the nonneurogenic group and 55 to the neurogenic group. Overall the rates of significant perioperative morbidity (39%), long-term complications (54%) and need for surgical revision (39%) were substantial. The rates of catheter related complications, rehospitalization for dehydration and spontaneous bladder rupture were higher in the neurogenic group (p <0.05). Conclusions: Reconstruction of the lower urinary tract in children is associated with a considerable rate of complications and need for surgical revision regardless of whether the bladder is neurogenic or nonneurogenic. Children with neurogenic bladders are more prone to spontaneous rupture, catheter mishaps and early rehospitalization for dehydration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2629-2635
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume180
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008

Keywords

  • bladder exstrophy
  • meningomyelocele
  • urinary bladder
  • urinary diversion
  • urinary incontinence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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