The B-lymphocyte-specific activity of the immunoglobulin μ heavy-chain gene enhancer has been attributed to the octamer motif (ATTTGCAT) present within the enhancer that binds a B-cell-specific factor designated NF-A2/OTF-2. However, significant residual enhancer activity even after deletion of this element has suggested the presence of a second critical functional determinant. We have used deletion and mutational analyses to define an element, μB (TTTGGGGAA), that is essential for B-cell-specific enhancer activity in S194 myeloma cells in the absence of the octamer. Transfection analysis in a panel of lymphoid cell lines suggests that the presence of either μB or octamer leads to considerable enhancer activity in cell lines representing later stages of B-cell differentiation, whereas both elements are needed for function in cell lines representing earlier stages. Furthermore, in contrast to the results in pre-B-cell lines, both μB and octamer elements function independently in certain T-cell lines in which the μ enhancer is active.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Molecular and Cellular Biology|
|State||Published - Jun 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology