Purpose: Attempts to improve survival of patients with esophageal cancer have been made using induction chemoradiotherapy (CRT) followed by surgery. A large single-center experience was reviewed to determine which treatment-related variables could predict survival and recurrence. Patients and Methods: All patients undergoing esophagectomy between January 1994 and December 2002 were reviewed. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed using log-rank and Cox proportional hazards models, and survival curves were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: Of 171 patients with invasive cancer, 131 (77%) underwent preoperative CRT. The average age was 60 years, and most patients were male (85%). Operations performed included Ivor-Lewis (60%), transhiatal (8%), three-hole (23%), or left thoracoabdominal (8%) esophagectomy. Perioperative mortality rate was 5%. Median overall survival (OS) of the entire group was 33 months, and the 5-year OS rate was 26%. Induction CRT was associated with a 33% 5-year survival rate compared with 11% for surgery alone (P = .43). Patients downstaged to pathologic stage 0 or 1 had an improved OS and disease-free survival (DFS) compared with those patients who were not downstaged (P = .022). Additionally, the ability to perform an R0 resection was a significant factor for OS and DFS (n = 130; P < .0001 and P <.0002, respectively). Conclusion: Response to CRT and the ability to perform an R0 resection are associated with significantly improved survival in patients with esophageal carcinoma.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research